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Title: A Cross-National Investigation of Hallucination-Like Experiences in 10 Countries: The E-CLECTIC Study
Author: Siddi, Sara
Ochoa Güerre, Susana
Laroi, Frank
Cella, Mateo
Raballo, Andrea
Saldivia, Sandra
Quijada, Yanet
Laloyaux, Julien
Barbosa Rocha, Nuno
Lincoln, Tania M.
Schlier, Björn
Ntouros, Evangelos
Bozikas, Vasileios P.
Gaweda, Ł
Machado, Sergio
Nardi, Antonio E.
Rodante, Demián
Deshpande, Smita N.
Haro Abad, Josep Maria
Preti, Antonio
Keywords: Psicopatologia
Escala multidimensional
Pathological psychology
Multidimensional scaling
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2019
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Hallucination-like experiences (HLEs) are typically defined as sensory perceptions in the absence of external stimuli. Multidimensional tools, able to assess different facets of HLEs, are helpful for a better characterization of hallucination proneness and to investigate the cross-national variation in the frequencies of HLEs. The current study set out to establish the validity, factor structure, and measurement invariance of the Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale-Extended (LSHS-E), a tool to assess HLEs. A total of 4419 respondents from 10 countries were enrolled. Network analyses between the LSHS-E and the 3 dimensions of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) were performed to assess convergent and divergent validity of the LSHS-E. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test its measurement invariance. The best fit was a 4-factor model, which proved invariant by country and clinical status, indicating cross-national stability of the hallucination-proneness construct. Among the different components of hallucination-proneness, auditory-visual HLEs had the strongest association with the positive dimension of the CAPE, compared with the depression and negative dimensions. Participants who reported a diagnosis of a mental disorder scored higher on the 4 LSHS-E factors. Small effect size differences by country were found in the scores of the 4 LSHS-E factors even after taking into account the role of socio-demographic and clinical variables. Due to its good psychometric properties, the LSHS-E is a strong candidate tool for large investigations of HLEs.
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It is part of: Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2019, vol. 45, num. 1, p. 43-55
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ISSN: 0586-7614
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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