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Title: Oxidative stress in endurance cycling is reduced dose-dependently after one month of re-esterified DHA supplementation
Author: de Salazar, Lydia
Torregrosa-Garcia, Antonio
Luque-Rubia, Antonio J.
Avila-Gandia, Vicente
Domingo i Pedrol, Joan Carles
Lopez-Roman, F. Javier
Keywords: Estrès oxidatiu
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 18-Nov-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation can reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress generated during long aerobic exercise, with the minimum dose yet to be elucidated for physically active subjects. In this study, we performed a dose finding with re-esterified DHA in triglyceride form in a randomized double-blind parallel trial at different doses (350, 1050, 1750, and 2450 mg a day) for 4 weeks in males engaged in regular cycling (n = 100, 7.6 ± 3.7 h/week). The endogenous antioxidant capacity of DHA was quantified as a reduction in the levels of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) recollected in 24-h urine samples after 90 min of constant load cycling before and after intervention. To ascertain incorporation of DHA, erythrocyte polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition was compared along groups. We found a dose-dependent antioxidant capacity of DHA from 1050 mg with a trend to neutralization for the highest dose of 2450 mg (placebo: n = 13, F = 0.041; 350 mg: n = 10, F = 0.268; 1050 mg: n = 11, F = 7.112; 1750 mg: n = 12, F = 9.681; 2450 mg: n = 10, F = 15.230). In the erythrocyte membrane, the re-esterified DHA increased DHA and omega-3 percentage and decreased omega 6 and the omega-6 to omega-3 ratio, while Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and PUFA remained unchanged. Supplementation of re-esterified DHA exerts a dose-dependent endogenous antioxidant property against moderate-intensity long-duration aerobic exercise in physically active subjects when provided at least 1050 mg a day for 4 weeks.
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It is part of: Antioxidants, 2020, vol. 9, num. 11, p. 1145
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ISSN: 2076-3921
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)

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