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Title: L-selectin expression is low on CD34 + cells from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia and interferon-a up-regulates this expression
Author: Martin-Henao, Gregorio
Quiroga, Regina
Sureda, Anna
González Ruiz, Juan Ramón
Moreno Aguado, Víctor
García, Juan
Keywords: Farmacologia
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2000
Publisher: Ferrata Storti Foundation
Abstract: Background and objective: altered adhesive interaction between bone marrow (BM) stroma and progenitors in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) may be in part caused by abnormal expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) on malignant progenitor cells. Treatment of CML with interferon-a (IFN-a) re-establishes normal hemopoiesis in some patients in part by restoring normal adhesive interactions between CML progenitors and BM microenvironment, which may in turn be mediated by correcting CAM expression on progenitors. Design and methods: we investigated the expression of CAMs (L-selectin, b((2))-integrin, LFA-3, ICAM-1, ICAM-3, NCAM) on purified BM CD34(+) cells from CML patients (n= 34) and healthy adults (n= 15) by flow cytometry. Modulation of L-selectin expression on CD34(+) cells from CML after in vitro treatment with IFN-a was also investigated. RESULTS: The mean percentage of CD34(+ )cells expressing L-selectin was significantly lower in CML patients (25.4+/-12.8%) than in normal controls (68.7+/-8.3%, n=15). CD34(+)/HLA-DR(-/low) and CD34(+)/ CD38(-/low) co-expressing L-selectin were also significantly lower in untreated CML (27.4+/-21.5% and 39.8+/-26.7%, respectively, n=8) than in controls (61+/-17% and 83.7+/-10%, respectively, n=7). In vitro treatment with IFN-a of purified CD34(+) BM cells from untreated CML patients (n=8) induced a significant, dose and time-dependent increase in the L-selectin expression as indicated by FACS analysis. Interpretation and conclusions: we hypothesize that this L-selectin deficiency reflects a cell surface adhesion defect of progenitors from CML that is partially restored by in vitro IFN-a treatment. These data may help to explain the adhesive abnormalities of CML progenitors to the BM microenvironment and the in vitro restoration of adhesion capacity after IFN-a treatment.
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It is part of: Haematologica, 2000, vol. 85, num. 2, p. 139-146
ISSN: 0390-6078
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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