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Title: Cortical Abnormalities Associated With Pediatric and Adult Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Findings From the ENIGMA Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Working Group
Author: Alonso, Pino
ENIGMA-OCD Working Group
Keywords: Neurosi obsessiva
Diagnòstic per la imatge
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Diagnostic imaging
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: American Psychiatric Association
Abstract: Objective: Brain imaging studies of structural abnormalities in OCD have yielded inconsistent results, partly due to limited statistical power, clinical heterogeneity, and methodological differences. Here, we perform meta- and mega-analyses comprising the largest study of cortical morphometry in OCD ever undertaken. Methods: T1-weighted MRI scans of 1905 OCD patients and 1760 healthy controls from 27 sites worldwide were processed locally using FreeSurfer to assess cortical thickness and surface area. Effect sizes for differences between patients and controls, and associations with clinical characteristics, were calculated using linear regression models controlling for age, sex, site, and intracranial volume. Results: In adult OCD patients versus controls, we found significantly lower surface area of the transverse temporal cortex and a thinner inferior parietal cortex. Medicated adult OCD patients also showed thinner cortices throughout the brain. In pediatric OCD patients versus controls, we found significantly thinner inferior and superior parietal cortices, but none of the regions analyzed showed significant differences in surface area. However, medicated pediatric OCD patients had lower surface area in frontal regions. Cohen's d effect sizes varied between −0.10 and −0.33. Conclusion The parietal cortex was consistently implicated both in adults and children with OCD. More widespread cortical thickness abnormalities were found in medicated adult OCD patients, and more pronounced surface area deficits (mainly in frontal regions) were found in medicated pediatric OCD patients. These cortical measures represent distinct morphological features and may be differentially affected during different stages of development and illness, and possibly moderated by disease profile and medication.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: American Journal of Psychiatry, 2018, vol. 175, num. 5, p. 453-462
Related resource:
ISSN: 0002-953X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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