Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Effect of nanoparticles in molten salts - MD simulations and experimental study
Author: Svobodova Sedlackova, Adela
Barreneche, Camila
Alonso, Gerard
Fernández Renna, Ana Inés
Gamallo Belmonte, Pablo
Keywords: Nanofluids
Energia solar
Solar energy
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Highlighted experimental studies on nanofluids reveal an anomalous increment in the specific heat capacity (Cp) of these ionic systems when nanoparticles are added. This fact is really important due the applicability of nanofluids in concentrating solar power plants as heat transfer fluid and storage media. These are promising results for the development of high-temperature heat storage applications by enhanced storage capacity materials. The present work focuses on the study of this effect in NaNO3 molten salt doped with SiO2 nanoparticles by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) experiments. The study shows that for nanoparticles' concentrations around 1% wt. the Cp increases by 26% compared to pure NaNO3, whereas at higher concentrations the effect disappears. The results approach high agreement between experimental and simulation results and MD simulations reveal that the increase of Cp at low concentrations is explained by the formation of a semi ordered layer of ionic fluid. This layer is rich in Naþ cations, around the nanoparticles whereas the reduction of Cp at concentrations higher than 2% wt. is related to the aggregation of nanoparticles as revealed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). However, deep experimental results with other materials will be required in order to validate the layering effect.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Renewable Energy, 2020, vol. 152, p. 208-216
Related resource:
ISSN: 0960-1481
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
694939.pdf2 MBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy

Embargat   Document embargat fins el 17-1-2022

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons