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Title: Comprehensive analysis of GABAA-A1R developmental alterations in Rett Syndrome: setting the focus for therapeutic targets in the time frame of the disease
Author: Oyarzabal, Alfonso
Xiol, Clara
Castells, Aina-Alba
Grau, Cristina
O'Callaghan, Mar
Fernàndez, Guerau
Alcántara Horrillo, Soledad
Pineda Marfà, Mercè
Armstrong i Morón, Judith
Altafaj, Xavier
Garcia-Cazorla, Àngels
Keywords: Genètica
Síndrome de Rett
Rett syndrome
Issue Date: 14-Jan-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Rett syndrome, a serious neurodevelopmental disorder, has been associated with an altered expression of different synaptic-related proteins and aberrant glutamatergic and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurotransmission. Despite its severity, it lacks a therapeutic option. Through this work we aimed to define the relationship between MeCP2 and GABAA.-A1 receptor expression, emphasizing the time dependence of such relationship. For this, we analyzed the expression of the ionotropic receptor subunit in different MeCP2 gene-dosage and developmental conditions, in cells lines, and in primary cultured neurons, as well as in different developmental stages of a Rett mouse model. Further, RNAseq and systems biology analysis was performed from post-mortem brain biopsies of Rett patients. We observed that the modulation of the MeCP2 expression in cellular models (both Neuro2a (N2A) cells and primary neuronal cultures) revealed a MeCP2 positive effect on the GABAA.-A1 receptor subunit expression, which did not occur in other proteins such as KCC2 (Potassium-chloride channel, member 5). In the Mecp2+/- mouse brain, both the KCC2 and GABA subunits expression were developmentally regulated, with a decreased expression during the pre-symptomatic stage, while the expression was variable in the adult symptomatic mice. Finally, the expression of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor-related synaptic proteins from the postmortem brain biopsies of two Rett patients was evaluated, specifically revealing the GABA A1R subunit overexpression. The identification of the molecular changes along with the Rett syndrome prodromic stages strongly endorses the importance of time frame when addressing this disease, supporting the need for a neurotransmission-targeted early therapeutic intervention.
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It is part of: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, vol. 21, num. 2, p. 518
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ISSN: 1661-6596
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biomedicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)

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