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Title: The CINP guidelines on the definition and the evidence-based interventions for treatment-resistant bipolar disorder
Author: Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N.
Yatham, Lakshmi
Grunze, Heinz
Vieta i Pascual, Eduard, 1963-
Young, Allan H.
Blier, Pierre
Tohen, Mauricio
Kasper, Siegfried
Moeller, Hans Jurgen
Keywords: Trastorn bipolar
Manic-depressive illness
Issue Date: 23-Apr-2020
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Background: Resistant bipolar disorder is a major mental health problem related to significant disability and overall cost. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review of the literature concerning (1) the definition of treatment resistance in bipolar disorder, (2) its clinical and (3) neurobiological correlates, and (4) the evidence-based treatment options for treatment-resistant bipolar disorder and for eventually developing guidelines for the treatment of this condition. Materials and methods: The PRISMA method was used to identify all published papers relevant to the definition of treatment resistance in bipolar disorder and the associated evidence-based treatment options. The MEDLINE was searched to April 22, 2018. Results: Criteria were developed for the identification of resistance in bipolar disorder concerning all phases. The search of the literature identified all published studies concerning treatment options. The data were classified according to strength, and separate guidelines regarding resistant acute mania, acute bipolar depression, and the maintenance phase were developed. Discussion: The definition of resistance in bipolar disorder is by itself difficult due to the complexity of the clinical picture, course, and treatment options. The current guidelines are the first, to our knowledge, developed specifically for the treatment of resistant bipolar disorder patients, and they also include an operationalized definition of treatment resistance. They were based on a thorough and deep search of the literature and utilize as much as possible an evidence-based approach.
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It is part of: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2020, vol. 23, num. 4, p. 230-256
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ISSN: 1461-1457
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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