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Title: The influence of chronological age on cognitive biases and impulsivity levels in male patients with gambling disorder
Author: Granero, Roser
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Valero-Solís, Susana
Pino Gutiérrez, Amparo Del
Mestre-Bach, Gemma
Baenas, Isabel
Fabrizio Contaldo, Salvatore
Gómez-Peña, Mónica
Aymamí, Maria Neus
Moragas, Laura
Vintró Alcaraz, Cristina
Mena Moreno, Teresa
Valenciano Mendoza, Eduardo
Mora Maltas, Bernat
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Keywords: Joc compulsiu
Persones grans
Compulsive gambling
Older people
Issue Date: 22-Jun-2020
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Abstract: Background and aims: due to the contribution of age to the etiology of gambling disorder (GD), there is a need to assess the moderator effect of the aging process with other features that are highly related with the clinical profile. The objective of this study is to examine the role of the chronological age into the relationships between cognitive biases, impulsivity levels and gambling preference with the GD profile during adulthood. Methods: sample included n = 209 patients aged 18-77 years-old recruited from a Pathological Gambling Outpatients Unit. Orthogonal contrasts explored polynomial patterns in data, and path analysis implemented through structural equation modeling assessed the underlying mechanisms between the study variables. Results: compared to middle-age patients, younger and older age groups reported more impairing irrational beliefs (P = 0.005 for interpretative control and P = 0.043 for interpretative bias). A linear trend showed that as people get older sensation seeking (P = 0.006) and inability to stop gambling (P = 0.018) increase. Path analysis showed a direct effect between the cognitive bias and measures of gambling severity (standardized effects [SE] between 0.12 and 0.17) and a direct effect between impulsivity levels and cumulated debts due to gambling (SE = 0.22). Conclusion: screening tools and intervention plans should consider the aging process. Specific programs should be developed for younger and older age groups, since these are highly vulnerable to the consequences of gambling activities and impairment levels of impulsivity and cognitive biases.
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It is part of: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2020, vol. 9, num. 2, p. 383-400
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ISSN: 2062-5871
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)

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