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Title: Citizen science and sustainability transitions
Author: Sauermann, Henry
Vohland, Katrin
Antoniou, Vyron
Balázs, Bálint
Göbel, Claudia
Karatzas, Kostas
Mooney, Peter
Perelló, Josep, 1974-
Ponti, Marisa
Samson, Roeland
Winter, Silvia
Keywords: Ciència ciutadana
Ensenyament científic
Citizen science
Science education
Issue Date: 20-Apr-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Citizen Science (CS) projects involve members of the general public as active participants in research. While some advocates hope that CS can increase scientific knowledge production ('productivity view'), others emphasize that it may bridge a perceived gap between science and the broader society ('democratization view'). We discuss how an integration of both views can allow Citizen Science to support complex sustainability transitions in areas such as renewable energy, public health, or environmental conservation. We first identify three pathways through which such impacts can occur: (1) Problem identification and agenda setting; (2) Resource mobilization; and (3) Facilitating socio-technical co-evolution. To realize this potential, however, CS needs to address important challenges that emerge especially in the context of sustainability transitions: Increasing the diversity, level, and intensity of participation; addressing the social as well as technical nature of sustainability problems; and reducing tensions between CS and the traditional institution of academic science. Grounded in a review of academic literature and policy reports as well as a broad range of case examples, this article contributes to scholarship on science, innovation, and sustainability transitions. We also offer insights for actors involved in initiating or institutionalizing Citizen Science efforts, including project organizers, funding agencies, and policy makers.
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It is part of: Research Policy, 2020, vol. 49, num. 103978
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ISSN: 0048-7333
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Sistemes Complexos (UBICS))
Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)

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