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Title: Validity of Virtual Reality Body Exposure to Elicit Fear of Gaining Weight, Body Anxiety and Body-Related Attentional Bias in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa
Author: Porras-García, Bruno
Ferrer, Marta (Ferrer García)
Serrano Troncoso, Eduardo
Carulla-Roig, Marta
Soto-Usera, Pau
Miquel-Nabau, Helena
Shojaeian, Nazilla
de la Montaña Santos-Carrasco, Isabel
Borszewski, Bianca
Díaz-Marsá, Marina
Sánchez-Díaz, Isabel
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Gutiérrez Maldonado, José
Keywords: Anorèxia nerviosa
Realitat virtual
Imatge corporal
Anorexia nervosa
Virtual reality
Body image
Issue Date: 5-Oct-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Fear of gaining weight (FGW), body image disturbances, associated anxiety and body-related attentional bias are the core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) and play critical roles in its development and maintenance. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the usefulness of virtual reality-based body exposure software for the assessment of important body-related cognitive and emotional responses in AN. Thirty female patients with AN, one of them subclinical, and 43 healthy college women, 25 with low body dissatisfaction (BD) and 18 with high BD, owned a virtual body that had their silhouette and body mass index. Full-body illusion (FBI) over the virtual body was induced using both visuo-motor and visuo-tactile stimulation. Once the FBI was induced, the FBI itself, FGW, body anxiety and body-related attentional bias toward weight-related and non-weight-related body areas were assessed. One-way analyses of covariance (ANCOVA), controlling for age, showed that AN patients reported higher FGW, body anxiety and body-related attentional bias than healthy controls. Unexpectedly, patients with AN reported significantly lower FBI levels than healthy participants. Finally, Pearson correlations showed significant relationships between visual analog scales and body-related attentional bias measures, compared to other eating disorder measures. These results provide evidence about the usefulness of virtual reality-based body exposure to elicit FGW and other body-related disturbances in AN patients. Thus, it may be a suitable intervention for reducing these emotional responses and for easing weight recovery.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2020, vol. 9, num. 10, p. 3210
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ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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