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Title: Why not glycine electrochemical biosensors?
Author: Pérez Ràfols, Clara
Liu, Yujie
Wang, Qianyu
Cuartero, María
Crespo, Gastón A.
Keywords: Electroquímica
Assistència sanitària
Medical care
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Glycine monitoring is gaining importance as a biomarker in clinical analysis due to its involvement in multiple physiological functions, which results in glycine being one of the most analyzed biomolecules for diagnostics. This growing demand requires faster and more reliable, while affordable, analytical methods that can replace the current gold standard for glycine detection, which is based on sample extraction with subsequent use of liquid chromatography or fluorometric kits for its quantification in centralized laboratories. This work discusses electrochemical sensors and biosensors as an alternative option, focusing on their potential application for glycine determination in blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid, the three most widely used matrices for glycine analysis with clinical meaning. For electrochemical sensors, voltammetry/amperometry is the preferred readout (10 of the 13 papers collected in this review) and metal-based redox mediator modification is the predominant approach for electrode fabrication (11 of the 13 papers). However, none of the reported electrochemical sensors fulfill the requirements for direct analysis of biological fluids, most of them lacking appropriate selectivity, linear range of response, and/or capability of measuring at physiological conditions. Enhanced selectivity has been recently reported using biosensors (with an enzyme element in the electrode design), although this is still a very incipient approach. Currently, despite the benefits of electrochemistry, only optical biosensors have been successfully reported for glycine detection and, from all the inspected works, it is clear that bioengineering efforts will play a key role in the embellishment of selectivity and storage stability of the sensing element in the sensor.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Sensors, 2020, vol. 20, num. 14, p. 4049
Related resource:
ISSN: 1424-8220
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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