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Title: In-vitro comparison of hydroxyapatite coatings obtained by cold spray and conventional thermal spray technologies
Author: Martín Vilardell, Anna
Cinca i Luis, Núria
Garcia Giralt, Natàlia
Dosta Parras, Sergi
García Cano, Irene
Nogués Solán, Xavier
Guilemany, J. M. (José María)
Keywords: Revestiments
Issue Date: 16-Oct-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings onto Ti6Al4V alloy substrates were obtained by several thermal spray technologies: atmospheric plasma spray (APS) and high velocity oxy fuel (HVOF), together with the cold spray (CS) technique. A characterization study has been performed by means of surface and microstructure analyses, as well as biological performance. In-vitro tests were performed with primary human osteoblasts at 1, 7 and 14 days of cell culture on substrates. Cell viability was tested by MTS and LIVE/DEAD assays, cell differentiation by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) quantification, and cell morphology was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The HA coatings showed an increase of HA crystallinity from 62,4% to 89%, but also an increase of hydrophilicity from ∼32° to 0°, with the decrease of the operating temperature of the thermal spray techniques (APS > HVOF > CS). Additionally, APS HA coatings showed more surface micro-features than HVOF and CS HA coatings; cells onto APS HA coatings showed faster attachment by acquiring osteoblastic morphology in comparison with the rounded cell morphology observed onto CS HA coatings at 1 day of cell culture. HVOF HA coatings also showed proper cell adherence but did not show extended filopodia as cells onto APS HA coatings. However, at 14 days of cell culture, higher cell proliferation and differentiation was detected on HA coatings with higher crystallinity (HVOF and CS techniques). Cell attachment is suggested to be favoured by surface micro-features but also moderate surface wettability whereas cell proliferation and differentiation is suggested to be highly influenced by HA crystallinity and crystal size.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Materials Science and Engineering: C, 2020, vol. 107, p. 110306
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ISSN: 0928-4931
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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