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Title: Patterns of food avoidance in chronic fatigue syndrome: is there a case for dietary recommendations?
Author: Trabal, Joan
Leyes, Pere
Fernández Sola, Joaquim
Forga, María T.
Fernández Huerta, José
Keywords: Síndrome de fatiga crònica
Hàbits alimentaris
Avaluació de l'estat nutricional
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Food habits
Diet therapy
Nutritional status measurement
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2012
Publisher: Aula Médica
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To assess the dietary habits and food avoidance-behavior in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Cross-sectional pilot study with 28 patients diagnosed with severe CFS. Eating habits were assessed with a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day food records. We analyzed variables related to dietary restrictions induced by symptoms or external information. RESULTS: The most prevalent restrictions were for dairy products and gluten-containing grains, with 22 and 15 restricting patients, respectively. Patients reported different digestive symptoms, which did not improve with the use of exclusion diets. Thirteen patients had received information against the intake of certain foods through different sources. Six cases of grains restriction and 11 of dairy were compatible with a counseling-induced pattern of exclusion. CONCLUSIONS: There is not a homogeneous pattern of food avoidance. Dietary restrictions should be based on a proven food allergy or intolerance. Dietary counseling should be based on sound nutritional knowledge.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2012, vol. 27, num. 2, p. 659-662
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ISSN: 0212-1611
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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