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Title: Can artificial intelligence improve the management of pneumonia
Author: Chumbita, Mariana
Cillóniz, Catia
Puerta Alcalde, Pedro
Moreno García, Estela
Sanjuan, Gemma
Garcia-Pouton, Nicole
Soriano Viladomiu, Alex
Torres Martí, Antoni
Garcia Vidal, Carolina
Keywords: Intel·ligència artificial en medicina
Medical artificial intelligence
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The use of artificial intelligence (AI) to support clinical medical decisions is a rather promising concept. There are two important factors that have driven these advances: the availability of data from electronic health records (EHR) and progress made in computational performance. These two concepts are interrelated with respect to complex mathematical functions such as machine learning (ML) or neural networks (NN). Indeed, some published articles have already demonstrated the potential of these approaches in medicine. When considering the diagnosis and management of pneumonia, the use of AI and chest X-ray (CXR) images primarily have been indicative of early diagnosis, prompt antimicrobial therapy, and ultimately, better prognosis. Coupled with this is the growing research involving empirical therapy and mortality prediction, too. Maximizing the power of NN, the majority of studies have reported high accuracy rates in their predictions. As AI can handle large amounts of data and execute mathematical functions such as machine learning and neural networks, AI can be revolutionary in supporting the clinical decision-making processes. In this review, we describe and discuss the most relevant studies of AI in pneumonia.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2020, vol. 9, num. 1, p. 248
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ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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