Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||The genome sequence of the grape phylloxera provides insights into the evolution, adaptation, and invasion routes of an iconic pest|
Nabity, Paul D.
Arora, Arinder K
Baa Puyoulet, Patrice
Banfill, Celeste R
Brisson, Jennifer A
Douglas, Angela E.
Dufault Thompson, Keith
Escuer Pifarre, Paula
James, Edward B.
Le Goff, Gaëlle
Le Trionnaire, Gaël
Sanchez Herrero, José Francisco
Rozas Liras, Julio A.
|Abstract:||Background: Although native to North America, the invasion of the aphid-like grape phylloxera Daktulosphaira vitifoliae across the globe altered the course of grape cultivation. For the past 150 years, viticulture relied on grafting-resistant North American Vitis species as rootstocks, thereby limiting genetic stocks tolerant to other stressors such as pathogens and climate change. Limited understanding of the insect genetics resulted in successive outbreaks across the globe when rootstocks failed. Here we report the 294-Mb genome of D. vitifoliae as a basic tool to understand host plant manipulation, nutritional endosymbiosis, and enhance global viticulture. Results: Using a combination of genome, RNA, and population resequencing, we found grape phylloxera showed high duplication rates since its common ancestor with aphids, but similarity in most metabolic genes, despite lacking obligate nutritional symbioses and feeding from parenchyma. Similarly, no enrichment occurred in development genes in relation to viviparity. However, phylloxera evolved > 2700 unique genes that resemble putative effectors and are active during feeding. Population sequencing revealed the global invasion began from the upper Mississippi River in North America, spread to Europe and from there to the rest of the world. Conclusions: The grape phylloxera genome reveals genetic architecture relative to the evolution of nutritional endosymbiosis, viviparity, and herbivory. The extraordinary expansion in effector genes also suggests novel adaptations to plant feeding and how insects induce complex plant phenotypes, for instance galls. Finally, our understanding of the origin of this invasive species and its genome provide genetics resources to alleviate rootstock bottlenecks restricting the advancement of viticulture.|
|Note:||Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12915-020-00820-5|
|It is part of:||Bmc Biology, 2020, vol. 18, num. 90|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)|
This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License