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Title: Modulation of the Systemic Immune Response in Suckling Rats by Breast Milk TGF-β2, EGF and FGF21 Supplementation
Author: Torres-Castro, Paulina
Grases Pintó, Blanca
Abril Gil, Maria del Mar
Castell, Margarida
Rodríguez Lagunas, María José
Pérez-Cano, Francisco J.
Franch i Masferrer, Àngels
Keywords: Llet materna
Sistema immunitari
Factors de creixement
Rates (Animals de laboratori)
Breast milk
Immune system
Growth factors
Rats as laboratory animals
Issue Date: 24-Jun-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Breast milk is a rich fluid containing bioactive compounds such as specific growth factors (GF) that contribute to maturation of the immune system in early life. The aim of this study was to determine whether transforming growth factor- 2 (TGF- 2), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), compounds present in breast milk, could promote systemic immune maturation. For this purpose, newborn Wistar rats were daily supplemented with these GF by oral gavage during the suckling period (21 days of life). At day 14 and 21 of life, plasma for immunoglobulin (Ig) quantification was obtained and spleen lymphocytes were isolated, immunophenotyped and cultured to evaluate their ability to proliferate and release cytokines. The main result was obtained at day 14, when supplementation with EGF increased B cell proportion to reach levels observed at day 21. At the end of the suckling period, all GF increased the plasma levels of IgG1 and IgG2a isotypes, FGF21 balanced the Th1/Th2 cytokine response and both EGF and FGF21 modified splenic lymphocyte composition. These results suggested that the studied milk bioactive factors, mainly EGF and FGF21, may have modulatory roles in the systemic immune responses in early life, although their physiological roles remain to be established.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrients, 2020, vol. 12(6), num. 1888
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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