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Title: Carbon-stabilized porous silicon as novel voltammetric sensor platforms
Author: Pérez Ràfols, Clara
Guo, Keying
Alba, María D.
Toh, Rou Jun
Serrano i Plana, Núria
Voelcker, Nicolas H.
Prieto Simón, Beatriu
Keywords: Silicones
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2021
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: The use of carbon-stabilized porous silicon (pSi) as a voltammetric sensing platform able to discriminate the detection of various electroactive species with similar redox potentials is demonstrated for the first time. For this purpose, the voltammetric responses to the presence of the three dihydroxybenzene isomers hydroquinone, catechol and resorcinol were studied using thermally hydrocarbonized pSi (THCpSi) and thermally carbonized pSi (TCpSi), as well as a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) as a benchmark. Both THCpSi and TCpSi outperformed the electrochemical performance of a GCE, as shown by the electrochemical characterization performed in the presence of the redox pair [Fe(CN)6]3-/4-. Cyclic voltammetry results demonstrated that both THCpSi and TCpSi exhibited fast electron transfer kinetics, with TCpSi showing a slightly improved electrochemical performance. The electrode catalytic enhancement shown by these carbon-stabilized nanostructures was harnessed to allow the simultaneous voltammetric determination of hydroquinone, catechol and resorcinol. The analytical performance of TCpSi to the detection of the three dihydroxybenzene isomers was studied using differential pulse voltammetry, revealing good reproducibility, high sensitivity, low limits of detection (all below 5 µmol L−1) and good recoveries (between 98 and 102%) in the analysis of spiked tap water samples.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Electrochimica Acta, 2021, vol. 377, p. 138077
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ISSN: 0013-4686
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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