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Title: Recent HIV-1 Infection: Identification of Individuals with High Viral Load Setpoint in a Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centre in Rural Mozambique
Author: Serna Bolea, Celia
de Deus, Nilsa
Acacio, Sozinho
Muñoz Gutiérrez, José
Nhalungo, Delino
Letang, Emilio
Alonso, Pedro
Naniche, Denise
Keywords: Infeccions per VIH
HIV infections
Issue Date: 21-Feb-2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: Identification of recent HIV-infections is important for describing the HIV epidemic and compiling HIV-RNA-setpoint data for future HIV intervention trials. We conducted a study to characterize recent infections, and HIV-RNA-setpoint within the adult population presenting at a voluntary counselling and testing centre (VCT) in southern Mozambique. Methods: All adults attending the Manhiça District-Hospital VCT between April and October 2009 were recruited if they had at least one positive rapid HIV-serology test. Patients were screened for recent HIV-1 infection by BED-CEIA HIV-incidence test. Clinical examination, assessment of HIV-RNA and CD4 cell counts were performed at enrollment, 4 and 10 months. Results: Of the 492 participants included in this study, the prevalence of recent infections as defined by BED-CEIA test, CD4 counts >200 cells/µl and HIV-RNA >400 copies/mL, was 11.58% (57/492; 95% CI 8.89-14.74). Due to heterogeneity in HIV-RNA levels in recently infected patients, individuals were categorized as having "high" HIV-RNA load if their HIV-RNA level was above the median (4.98 log10 copies/mL) at diagnosis. The "high" HIV-RNA group sustained a significantly higher HIV-viral load at all visits with a median HIV-RNA setpoint of 5.22 log10 copies/mL (IQR 5.18-5.47) as compared to the median of 4.15 log10 copies/ml (IQR 3.37-4.43) for the other patients (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: The low proportion of recent HIV-infections among HIV-seropositive VCT clients suggests that most of this population attends the VCT at later stages of HIV/AIDS. Characterization of HIV-RNA-setpoint may serve to identify recently infected individuals maintaining HIV viral load>5 log10 copies/mL as candidates for antiretroviral treatment as prevention interventions.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2012, vol. 7, num. 2, p. e31859
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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