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Title: Receiving support to quit smoking and quit attempts among smokers with and without smoking related diseases: Findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys
Author: Hedman, Linnea
Katsaounou, Paraskevi
Filippidis, Filippos
Ravara, Sofia
Lindberg, Anne
Janson, Christer
Gratziou, Christina
Rohde, Gernot
Kyriakos, Christina
Mons, Ute
Fernández Muñoz, Esteve
Trofor, Antigona
Demjén, Tibor
Przewoźniak, Krzysztof
Tountas, Yannis
Fong, Geoffrey
Vardavas, Constantine I.
EUREST-PLUS consortium
Keywords: Tractament del tabaquisme
Tractament del tabaquisme
Malalties cròniques
Malalties de l'aparell respiratori
Smoking cessation
Chronic diseases
Respiratory diseases
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2019
Publisher: European Publishing
Abstract: Introduction: Having a chronic disease either caused or worsened by tobacco smoking does not always translate into quitting smoking. Although smoking cessation is one of the most cost-effective medical interventions, it remains poorly implemented in healthcare settings. The aim was to examine whether smokers with chronic and respiratory diseases were more likely to receive support to quit smoking by a healthcare provider or make a quit attempt than smokers without these diseases. Methods: This population-based study included a sample of 6011 adult smokers in six European countries. The participants were interviewed face-to-face and asked questions on sociodemographic characteristics, current diagnoses for chronic diseases, healthcare visits in the last 12 months and, if so, whether they had received any support to quit smoking. Questions on smoking behavior included nicotine dependence, motivation to quit smoking and quit attempts in the last 12 months. The results are presented as weighted percentages with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and as adjusted odds ratios with 95% CI based on logistic regression analyses. Results: Smokers with chronic respiratory disease, those aged 55 years and older, as well as those with one or more chronic diseases were more likely to receive smoking cessation advice from a healthcare professional. Making a quit attempt in the last year was related to younger age, high educational level, higher motivation to quit, lower nicotine dependence and having received advice to quit from a healthcare professional but not with having chronic diseases. There were significant differences between countries with smokers in Romania consistently reporting more support to quit as well as quit attempts. Conclusions: Although smokers with respiratory disease did indeed receive smoking cessation support more often than smokers without disease, many smokers did not receive any advice or support to quit during a healthcare visit.
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It is part of: Tobacco Induced Diseases, 2019, vol. 16, supl. 2
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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