Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/17584
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dc.contributor.authorWyn-Jones, A. Petercat
dc.contributor.authorCarducci, Annalauracat
dc.contributor.authorCook, Nigelcat
dc.contributor.authorD'Agostino, Martincat
dc.contributor.authorDivizia, Mauriziocat
dc.contributor.authorFleischer, Jenscat
dc.contributor.authorGantzer, Christophecat
dc.contributor.authorGawler, Andrewcat
dc.contributor.authorGironès Llop, Rosinacat
dc.contributor.authorHöller, Christianecat
dc.contributor.authorRoda Husman, Ana Maria decat
dc.contributor.authorKozyra, Iwonacat
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Pila, Juancat
dc.contributor.authorMuscillo, Michelecat
dc.contributor.authorNascimento, Mariacat
dc.contributor.authorPapageorgiou, Georgecat
dc.contributor.authorRutjes, Saskiacat
dc.contributor.authorSellwood, Janecat
dc.contributor.authorWyer, Markcat
dc.contributor.authorKay, Davidcat
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-12T09:57:36Z-
dc.date.available2011-04-12T09:57:36Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.issn0043-1354-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2445/17584-
dc.description.abstractExposure to human pathogenic viruses in recreational waters has been shown to cause disease outbreaks. In the context of Article 14 of the revised European Bathing Waters Directive 2006/7/EC (rBWD, CEU, 2006) a Europe-wide surveillance study was carried out to determine the frequency of occurrence of two human enteric viruses in recreational waters. Adenoviruses were selected based on their near-universal shedding and environmental survival, and noroviruses (NoV) selected as being the most prevalent gastroenteritis agent worldwide. Concentration of marine and freshwater samples was done by adsorption/elution followed by molecular detection by (RT)-PCR. Out of 1410 samples, 553 (39.2%) were positive for one or more of the target viruses. Adenoviruses, detected in 36.4% of samples, were more prevalent than noroviruses (9.4%), with 3.5% GI and 6.2% GII, some samples being positive for both GI and GII. Of 513 human adenovirus-positive samples, 63 (12.3%) were also norovirus-positive, whereas 69 (7.7%) norovirus-positive samples were adenovirus-negative. More freshwater samples than marine water samples were virus-positive. Out of a small selection of samples tested for adenovirus infectivity, approximately one-quarter were positive. Sixty percent of 132 nested-PCR adenovirus-positive samples analysed by quantitative PCR gave a mean value of over 3000 genome copies per L of water. The simultaneous detection of infectious adenovirus and of adenovirus and NoV by (RT)PCR suggests that the presence of infectious viruses in recreational waters may constitute a public health risk upon exposure. These studies support the case for considering adenoviruses as an indicator of bathing water quality.eng
dc.format.extent35 p.-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.eng
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.10.015cat
dc.relation.ispartofWater Research, 2011, vol. 45, núm. 3, p. 1025-1038-
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.10.015-
dc.rights(c) Elsevier B.V., 2010-
dc.subject.classificationAdenoviruscat
dc.subject.classificationAigua dolçacat
dc.subject.classificationAigua de marcat
dc.subject.classificationQualitat de l'aiguacat
dc.subject.classificationEuropacat
dc.subject.otherAdenoviruseseng
dc.subject.otherFresh watereng
dc.subject.otherSeawatereng
dc.subject.otherWater qualityeng
dc.subject.otherEuropeeng
dc.titleSurveillance of adenoviruses and noroviruses in European recreational waterseng
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleeng
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion-
dc.identifier.idgrec588181-
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP6/513648/EU//VIROBATHE-
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess-
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)
Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE

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