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Title: A Systematic Observation of Early Childhood Educators Accompanying Young Children's Free Play at Emmi Pikler Nursery School: Instrumental Behaviors and Their Relational Value
Author: Sagastui, Jone
Herrán, Elena
Anguera Argilaga, María Teresa
Keywords: Escoles bressol
Jocs infantils
Mestres d'educació infantil
Children's games
Preschool teachers
Issue Date: 24-Jul-2020
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: A significant number of literature documents young children's innate interest in discovering their surroundings and gradually developing more complex activities and thoughts. It has been demonstrated that when environments support young children's innate interest and progressive autonomy, they help children acquire a selfdetermined behavior. However, little is known about the application of this evidence in the daily practice of early childhood educational settings. This study examines Emmi Pikler Nursery School, a center that implements an autonomy-supportive educational approach. We conducted a systematic observation of two experienced Pikler educators while they accompanied young children's free play. Our objective was to assess: if educators' instrumental action follows a systematic behavioral sequence, if specific relational behaviors support each instrumental action, and if educators display differentiated intervention levels concerning children's free play through the adaptation of the relational dimension. We conducted a lag sequential analysis to find behavioral patterns and concurrences between the observed behaviors. Our findings indicate that educators perform systematic action sequences and that each of the instrumental actions of those sequences has a specific relational value. We conclude that educators display three differentiated intervention levels depending on the child and the circumstances of the moment, providing appropriate autonomy support and reinforcing children's self-determination.
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It is part of: Frontiers in Psychology, 2020, vol. 11, p. 1731
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ISSN: 1664-1078
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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