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|Title:||A first estimation of the contraction related to vertical axis rotation: the case of the Ibero-Armorican Arc formation.|
|Author:||Casas Tuset, Josep Maria|
Guimerà i Rosso, Joan J.
Días da Silva, I.
|Abstract:||Different models have been proposed to explain the formation of the Ibero-Armorican Arc, which require significant vertical axis rotations, at the end of the Variscan orogeny. Estimates of the amount of contraction (horizontal shortening) needed for these rotations range from 54% to 91% perpendicularly to the arc. These estimates are compared with coeval deformational structures developed in two areas of the orogen, one in the autochthonous hinterland underlying the Galicia-Trás-os-Montes Zone in the southern branch of the arc, and the other in the Cantabrian Zone foreland in the core of the arc. From this analysis it follows that the late Variscan deformation together with the subsequent Alpine contraction is not sufficient to explain the formation of the Ibero- Armorican Arc as a secondary structure by means of vertical axis rotations. Our analysis suggests this arc is mainly a primary, or non-rotational curve, slightly modified by ca. 10% of superposed contraction during late Carboniferous and/or Alpine times. Moreover, we propose that the assumptions underlying the interpreted geometry of the arc be re-evaluated, and we discuss the role of late-Variscan regional strike-slip faults in the Iberian and in the Armorican massifs that probably acted consecutively before and during the contraction of the arc.|
|It is part of:||Solid earth discussions, 2020, p. 1-31|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)|
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