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Title: Multi-organ characterisation of B-esterases in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): effects of the insecticide fipronil at two temperatures
Author: Sanahuja Piera, Ignasi
Dallarès Sara
Ibarz i Valls, Antoni
Solé i Sardans, Montserrat
Keywords: Llobarros
Canvi climàtic
European seabass
Climatic change
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: In fish, the study of cholinesterases (ChEs) and carboxylesterases (CEs), apart from their involvement in neural activity and xenobiotic metabolism, respectively, requires to be further explored. The European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) was the fish model used to characterise B-esterases in several matrices and organs, as well as to assess the impacts of the insecticide fipronil at two temperatures: the natural temperature at the time of sampling (13 °C) and at 16 °C (based on climate change-related predictions for the Mediterranean region). Fipronil exerts harmful effects in non-target species; however, some countries are reluctant to implement regulations without additional evidence on their toxicity. A comprehensive study was performed in fish pre-acclimated to the two targeted temperatures for 15 days. B-esterases were evaluated in multiple samples after 7 and 14 day exposures to fipronil in feed (dose of 10 mg/kg) and after a 7-day depurative period. Based on hydrolysis rates, results showed that CEs were measurable in all matrices while ChEs were more abundant in muscle and, particularly, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the brain. A + 3 °C increase in temperature had little influence on B-esterase activity; however, fipronil caused a significant increase in brain AChE (1.5-fold) and CE (3-fold) activities. Other matrices and organs also experienced alterations in their B-esterase activities that could compromise their physiological functions.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Aquatic Toxicology, 2020, vol. 228, p. 105617
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ISSN: 0166-445X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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