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Title: Aberrant Splicing Events Associated to CDH23 Noncanonical Splice Site Mutations in a Proband with Atypical Usher Syndrome 1
Author: Valero Gils, Rebeca
Castro-Miró, Marta de
Jiménez Ochoa, Sofía
Rodríguez Ezcurra, Juan José
Marfany i Nadal, Gemma
Gonzàlez-Duarte, Roser
Keywords: Malalties hereditàries
Anàlisi funcional
Genetic diseases
Functional analysis
Issue Date: 21-Sep-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Aims: The aim of this study was the genetic diagnosis by next generation sequencing (NGS) of a patient diagnosed with Usher syndrome type 2 and the functional evaluation of the identified genetic variants to establish a phenotype-genotype correlation. Methods: Whole exome sequencing (WES) analysis identified two heterozygous intronic variants in CDH23, a gene responsible of Usher syndrome type 1. Evaluation of the putative splicing effects was performed in vivo, in whole blood samples, and in vitro, by transfection of midigene constructs in HEK293T cells. Results: Two intronic variants were identified in intron 45 of CDH23-one novel, c.6050-15G>A, and the other, c.6050-9G>A, already reported as a noncanonical splice site (NCSS) mutation-with partial functional characterization. In vivo and in vitro analyses showed aberrant transcripts by the addition of 13 and 7 nucleotides to exon 46, respectively. Transcript degradation by nonsense mediated decay (NMD) in blood cells could only be prevented by cycloheximide treatment. Midigene constructs showed that the two variants contributed to exon skipping and generated aberrantly spliced transcripts. Conclusions: A combination of in vivo and in vitro assays provided a comprehensive view of the physiological effects of NCSS variants, which in this case led to a clinical reassignment of the proband as affected with atypical USH1 syndrome.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Genes, 2019, vol. 10, num. 10, p. 732
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ISSN: 2073-4425
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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