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Title: Tsunami boulders on the rocky coasts of Ibiza and Formentera (Balearic Islands)
Author: Roig Munar, Francesc Xavier
Rodríguez Perea, Antonio
Martín Prieto, José Ángel
Gelabert, Bernadí
Vilaplana, Joan Manuel
Keywords: Tsunamis
Eivissa (Illes Balears)
Formentera (Illes Balears)
Ibiza (Balearic Islands)
Formentera (Balearic Islands)
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Large boulders have been found in marine cliffs from 7 study sites on Ibiza and Formentera Islands (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean). These large boulders of up to 43 t are located on platforms that form the rocky coastline of Ibiza and Formentera, several tens of meters from the edge of the cliff, up to 11 m above sea level and several kilometers away from any inland escarpment. Despite than storm wave height and energy are higher from the northern direction, the largest boulders are located in the southern part of the islands. The boulders are located in the places where numerical models of tsunami simulation from submarine earthquakes on the North African coast predict tsunami impact on these two islands. According to radiocarbon data and rate of growth of dissolution pans, the ages of the boulders range between 1750 AD and 1870 AD. Documentary sources also confirm a huge tsunami affecting the SE coast of Majorca (the largest Balearic Island) in 1756. The distribution of the boulders sites along the islands, the direction of imbrication and the run-up necessary for their placement suggest that they were transported from northern African tsunami waves that hit the coastline of Ibiza and Formentera Islands.
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It is part of: Journal Of Marine Science And Engineering, 2019, vol. 7, num. 10
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ISSN: 2077-1312
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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