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Title: Uncomplicated monochorionic twins: two normal hearts sharing one placenta
Author: Torres, Ximena
Bennasar, Mar
García Otero, Laura
Martínez Portilla, Raigam J.
Valenzuela Alcaraz, Brenda I.
Crispi Brillas, Fàtima
Goncé Mellgren, Anna
Gratacós Solsona, Eduard
Figueras, Francesc
Martínez Crespo, Josep M. (Josep Maria)
Keywords: Malalties cardiovasculars
Cardiovascular diseases
Issue Date: 9-Nov-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Cardiovascular dysfunction has been reported in complicated monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) pregnancies; however, little is known whether hemodynamic changes occur in uncomplicated MCDA twins. A prospective observational study was conducted including 100 uncomplicated MCDA twins matched by gestational age to 200 low-risk singletons. Echocardiography was performed at 26-30 weeks gestation and cord blood B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) was measured at delivery. In both groups, z-scores for echocardiographic parameters were within normal ranges; however the monochorionic group had larger atrial areas (mean (standard deviation) right atria-to-heart ratio: 17.0 (2) vs. 15.9 (1); p = 0.018; left atria-to-heart ratio: 17.0 (3) vs. 15.8 (2); p < 0.001) and signs of concentric hypertrophy (right relative wall thickness: 0.66 (0.12) vs. 0.56 (0.11); p < 0.001; left relative wall thickness: 0.69 (0.14) vs. 0.58 (0.12); p < 0.001). Longitudinal function was increased in twins, leading to higher tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (6.9 mm (0.9) vs. 5.9 mm (0.7); p < 0.001) and mitral annular plane systolic excursion (4.9 mm (0.8) vs. 4.4 mm (1.1); p < 0.001. BNP levels at birth were also higher in MCDA twins (median [interquartile range]: 20.81 pg/mL [16.69-34.01] vs. 13.14 pg/mL [9.17-19.84]; p < 0.001). Thus, uncomplicated MCDA fetuses have normal cardiac shape and function, but signs of cardiac adaptation were identified by echocardiographic and biochemical parameters, when compared with singletons.
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It is part of: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2020, vol. 9, num. 11
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ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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