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Title: Unveiling Viruses Associated with Gastroenteritis Using a Metagenomics Approach
Author: Fernández Cassi, Xavier
Martínez-Puchol, Sandra
Silva Sales, Marcelle
Cornejo, Thais
Bartolomé, Rosa
Bofill Mas, Silvia
Gironès Llop, Rosina
Keywords: Gastroenteritis
Issue Date: 13-Dec-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Acute infectious gastroenteritis is an important illness worldwide, especially on children, with viruses accounting for approximately 70% of the acute cases. A high number of these cases have an unknown etiological agent and the rise of next generation sequencing technologies has opened new opportunities for viral pathogen detection and discovery. Viral metagenomics in routine clinical settings has the potential to identify unexpected or novel variants of viral pathogens that cause gastroenteritis. In this study, 124 samples from acute gastroenteritis patients from 2012-2014 previously tested negative for common gastroenteritis pathogens were pooled by age and analyzed by next generation sequencing (NGS) to elucidate unidentified viral infections. The most abundant sequences detected potentially associated to acute gastroenteritis were from Astroviridae and Caliciviridae families, with the detection of norovirus GIV and sapoviruses. Lower number of contigs associated to rotaviruses were detected. As expected, other viruses that may be associated to gastroenteritis but also produce persistent infections in the gut were identified including several Picornaviridae members (EV, parechoviruses, cardioviruses) and adenoviruses. According to the sequencing data, astroviruses, sapoviruses and NoV GIV should be added to the list of viral pathogens screened in routine clinical analysis.
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It is part of: Viruses, 2020, vol. 12, num. 12
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ISSN: 1999-4915
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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