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Title: Gender Gaps in Care Work: Evidences from Argentina, Chile, Spain and Uruguay
Author: Domínguez Amorós, Màrius
Batthyány, Karina
Scavino, Sol
Keywords: Estudis de gènere
Servei domèstic
Política salarial
Discriminació sexual en el treball
Gender studies
Household employees
Wage policy
Sex discrimination in employment
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: This paper is a comparative analysis of the gender gaps in the non-paid domestic and care work (NPDCW) undertaken in homes in Argentina, Chile, Spain and Uruguay. The explanatory factors of this gap in two-income households and their magnitude and impact on the distribution of NPDCW are analyzed using data from national time use surveys. The weakness of micro-sociological approaches and the variables related to relative resources and time availability is demonstrated using the estimation of a regression model, while the importance of approximations of gender roles and analyses that incorporate macro-sociological factors is shown. Furthermore, the indings show that NPDCW is done by women in 70% of cases with women's incomes and time availability among the individual variables that drive change within the couple. The results show that the equalizing efects of time availability and gender ideology are stronger for women in more egalitarian countries; women in less egalitarian countries beneit less from their individual-level assets. Additional comparative analysis shows that other macro-level factors (economic development, female labor-force participation, gender norms and welfare systems) may also inluence the division of this work. The results suggest that changes in individual-level factors alone may not be enough to achieve an equal division of labor in the household without a parallel reduction in macro-level gender inequality.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Social Indicators Research, 2021, vol. 154, p. 969-998
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ISSN: 0303-8300
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Sociologia)

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