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Title: Racial quotas in higher education and pre-college academic performance : evidence from Brazil
Author: Leal, Guilherme Strifezzi
Choi Mendizábal, Álvaro B. (Álvaro Borja)
Keywords: Relacions racials
Educació superior
Igualtat d'oportunitats
Race relations
Higher education
Equal opportunity
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona. Facultat d'Economia i Empresa
Series/Report no: [WP E-Eco21/411]
Abstract: The effects of affirmative action on the incentives to human capital accumulation are ambiguous from a theoretical perspective and the scarce empirical evidence on the matter provides mixed results. In this paper, we address this issue by investigating the impacts of Brazil’s Law of Quotas on the students’ performance in the college entrance exam, the ENEM. The law established that a specific share of places in Brazilian federal universities should be filled by non-white students from public high schools. We employ a difference-in-differences approach in order to estimate the effects of the implementation of these quotas on the ENEM scores and provide causal evidence that the law fostered incentives to pre-college human capital accumulation. Moreover, the effects of the quotas were greater in more quantitative-intensive subjects but were not different by gender or parental education, and these impacts increased throughout the first years after the law’s implementation.
It is part of: UB Economics – Working Papers, 2021, E21/411
Appears in Collections:UB Economics – Working Papers [ERE]

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