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Title: Role of AMP kinase and PPARdelta in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism in human skeletal muscle
Author: Krämer, David Kitz
Al-Khalili, Lubna
Guigas, Bruno
Leng, Ying
García-Roves, Pablo M. (Pablo Miguel)
Krook, Anna
Keywords: Expressió gènica
Gene expression
Issue Date: 6-Jul-2007
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Abstract: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)delta has been implicated in the regulation of lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle. Furthermore, activation of PPARdelta has been proposed to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce glucose levels in animal models of type 2 diabetes. We recently demonstrated that the PPARdelta agonist GW501516 activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and stimulates glucose uptake in skeletal muscle. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be clearly identified. In this study, we first confirmed that incubation of primary cultured human muscle cells with GW501516 induced AMPK phosphorylation and increased fatty acid transport and oxidation and glucose uptake. Using small interfering RNA, we have demonstrated that PPARdelta expression is required for the effect of GW501516 on the intracellular accumulation of fatty acids. Furthermore, we have shown that the subsequent increase in fatty acid oxidation induced by GW501516 is dependent on both PPARdelta and AMPK. Concomitant with these metabolic changes, we provide evidence that GW501516 increases the expression of key genes involved in lipid metabolism (FABP3, CPT1, and PDK4) by a PPARdelta-dependent mechanism. Finally, we have also demonstrated that the GW501516-mediated increase in glucose uptake requires AMPK but not PPARdelta. In conclusion, the PPARdelta agonist GW501516 promotes changes in lipid/glucose metabolism and gene expression in human skeletal muscle cells by PPARdelta- and AMPK-dependent and -independent mechanisms.
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It is part of: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2007, vol. 282, num. 27, p. 19313-19320
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ISSN: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Fisiològiques)

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