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Title: Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-regulated interactions between Osterix and Runx2 are critical for the transcriptional osteogenic program
Author: Artigas, Natalia
Ureña, Carlos
Rodríguez Carballo, Edgardo
Rosa López, José Luis
Ventura Pujol, Francesc
Keywords: Metabolisme
Transcripció genètica
Transcripció fonètica
Genetic transcription
Phonetic transcription
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2014
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Abstract: The transcription factors Runx2 and Osx (Osterix) are required for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. Runx2 expression occurs at early stages of osteochondroprogenitor determination, followed by Osx induction during osteoblast maturation. We demonstrate that coexpression of Osx and Runx2 leads to cooperative induction of expression of the osteogenic genes Col1a1, Fmod, and Ibsp. Functional interaction of Osx and Runx2 in the regulation of these promoters is mediated by enhancer regions with adjacent Sp1 and Runx2 DNA-binding sites. These enhancers allow formation of a cooperative transcriptional complex, mediated by the binding of Osx and Runx2 to their specific DNA promoter sequences and by the protein-protein interactions between them. We also identified the domains involved in the interaction between Osx and Runx2. These regions contain the amino acids in Osx and Runx2 known to be phosphorylated by p38 and ERK MAPKs. Inhibition of p38 and ERK kinase activities or mutation of their known phosphorylation sites in Osx or Runx2 strongly disrupts their physical interaction and cooperative transcriptional effects. Altogether, our results provide a molecular description of a mechanism for Osx and Runx2 transcriptional cooperation that is subject to further regulation by MAPK-activating signals during osteogenesis.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2014, vol. 289, num. 39, p. 27105-27117
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ISSN: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Fisiològiques)

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