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Title: Do individuals with autoimmune disease have increased risk of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and stiffness?
Author: Vila, Maria del Mar
Remeseiro López, Beatriz
Igual Muñoz, Laura
Elosua, Roberto
Ramos, Rafel
Valdivielso, Jose Manuel
Martí Lluch, Ruth
Marrugat, Jaume, 1954-
Grau Magaña, Maria
Keywords: Inflamació
Malalties autoimmunitàries
Autoimmune diseases
Issue Date: 30-Apr-2021
Abstract: To explore the role of chronic inflammation inherent to autoimmune diseases in the development of subclinical atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness, this study recruited two population-based samples of individuals with and without autoimmune disease (ratio 1:5) matched by age, sex, and education level and with a longstanding (≥6 years) diagnosis of autoimmune disease. Common carotid intima media thickness (IMT) and arterial distensibility and compliance were assessed with carotid ultrasound. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were adjusted for 10-year cardiovascular risk. In total, 546 individuals with and without autoimmune diseases (91 and 455, respectively) were included. Mean age was 66 years (standard deviation 12), and 240 (43.9%) were women. Arterial stiffness did not differ according to presence of autoimmune diseases. In men, the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases significantly increased common carotid IMT [beta-coefficient (95% confidence interval): 0.058 (0.009; 0.108); p-value=0.022] and the percentage having IMT ≥ percentile 75 [1.012 (0.145; 1.880); p-value=0.022]. Women without autoimmune disease were more likely to have IMT ≥ percentile 75 [-2.181 (-4.214; -0.149); p-value=0.035] but analysis of IMT as a continuous variable did not yield significant results. In conclusion, subclinical carotid atherosclerosis, but not arterial stiffness, was higher in men with autoimmune diseases. Women did not show significant differences in any of these carotid features. Sex was an effect modifier in the association between common carotid IMT values and the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases.
It is part of: Hypertension Research, 2021
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ISSN: 0916-9636
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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