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Title: Ionizable drug self-associations and the solubility dependence on pH: detection of aggregates in saturated solutions using mass spectrometry (ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS)
Author: Fuguet i Jordà, Elisabet
Subirats i Vila, Xavier
Ràfols Llach, Clara
Bosch, Elisabeth
Avdeef, Alex
Keywords: Espectrometria de masses
Mass spectrometry
Issue Date: 13-May-2021
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: It is widely accepted that solubility-pH profiles of ionizable compounds follow the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. However, several studies point out that compounds often undergo additional processes in saturated solutions, such as sub-micellar oligomerization, micellar aggregation, or drug-buffer complexation among others, which make the experimental profiles deviate from the behavior predicted by the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. Often, the presence of additional processes is supported by the analysis of experimental data through solubility computer programs. However, the purpose of this work is to experimentally prove the aggregation phenomena for a series of bases for which deviations from the theoretical profile have been observed. To this end, five monoprotic bases (lidocaine, maprotiline, cyproheptadine, bupivacaine, and mifepristone) susceptible to form ionic aggregates in solution have been selected, and mass spectrometry has been the technique of choice to prove the presence of aggregation. High declustering potentials have been applied to prevent aggregates from forming in the ionization source of the mass spectrometer. In addition, haloperidol has been used as a negative control since according to its profile, it is not suspected to form ionic aggregates. In all instances, except for haloperidol, the analysis of the saturated solutions revealed the presence of mixed-charged dimers (aggregates formed by a neutral molecule and a charged one) and even trimers in the case of mifepristone and bupivacaine. For lidocaine, the most soluble of the compounds, the presence of neutral aggregates was also detected. These experiments support the hypothesis that the simple Henderson-Hasselbalch equation may explain the solubility-pH behavior of certain compounds, but it can be somewhat inaccurate in describing the behavior of many other substances.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Molecular Pharmaceutics, 2021, vol. 18, num. 6, p. 2311-2321
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ISSN: 1543-8384
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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