Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Omeprazole compared with misoprostol for ulcers associated with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
Author: Hawkey, Christopher J.
Karrash, Jeffrey A.
Szczepañski, Leszek
Walker, Donald G.
Barkun, Alan
Swannell, Anthony J.
Yeomans, Neville D.
Barenys de Lacha, Mercé
OMNIUM Study Group
Keywords: Úlceres
Efectes secundaris
Ús terapèutic
Side effects
Therapeutic use
Issue Date: 12-Mar-1998
Publisher: Massachusetts Medical Society
Abstract: Background: Misoprostol is effective for ulcers associated with the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) but is often poorly tolerated because of diarrhea and abdominal pain. We compared the efficacy of omeprazole and misoprostol in healing and preventing ulcers associated with NSAIDs. Methods: in a double-blind study, we randomly assigned 935 patients who required continuous NSAID therapy and who had ulcers or more than 10 erosions in the stomach or duodenum (or both) to receive 20 mg or 40 mg of omeprazole orally in the morning or 200 microg of misoprostol orally four times daily. Patients were treated for four weeks or, in the absence of healing, eight weeks. Treatment success was defined as the absence of ulcers and the presence of fewer than five erosions at each site and not more than mild dyspepsia. We then randomly reassigned 732 patients in whom treatment was successful to maintenance therapy with 20 mg of omeprazole daily, 200 microg of misoprostol twice daily, or placebo for six months. Results: at eight weeks, treatment was successful in 76 percent of the patients given 20 mg of omeprazole (233 of 308), 75 percent of those given 40 mg of omeprazole (237 of 315), and 71 percent of those given misoprostol (212 of 298). The rates of gastric-ulcer healing were significantly higher with 20 mg of omeprazole (but not 40 mg of omeprazole) than with misoprostol. Healing rates among patients with duodenal ulcers were higher with either dose of omeprazole than with misoprostol, whereas healing rates among patients with erosions alone were higher with misoprostol. More patients remained in remission during maintenance treatment with omeprazole (61 percent) than with misoprostol (48 percent, P=0.001) and with either drug than with placebo (27 percent, P<0.001). There were more adverse events during the healing phase in the misoprostol group than in the groups given 20 mg and 40 mg of omeprazole (59 percent, 48 percent, and 46 percent, respectively). Conclusions: the overall rates of successful treatment of ulcers, erosions, and symptoms associated with NSAIDs were similar for the two doses of omeprazole and misoprostol. Maintenance therapy with omeprazole was associated with a lower rate of relapse than misoprostol. Omeprazole was better tolerated than misoprostol.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: New England Journal of Medicine, 1998, vol. 338, num. 11, p. 727-734
Related resource:
ISSN: 0028-4793
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
661291.pdf105.98 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.