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Title: Results and Lessons Learned on Robotic Assisted Kidney Transplantation
Author: Musquera i Felip, Mireia
Peri Cusí, Lluís
Ajami, Tarek
Revuelta, Ignacio
Izquierdo Reyes, Laura
Mercader, Claudia
Sierra, Alba
Diekmann, Fritz
D'Anna, Maurizio
Monsalve, Concepción
Alcaraz Asensio, Antonio
Keywords: Trasplantament hepàtic
Robòtica en medicina
Hepatic transplantation
Robotics in medicine
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2020
Publisher: Hindawi
Abstract: Introduction. Nowadays, minimally invasive surgery in kidney transplantation is a reality thanks to robotic assistance. In this paper, we describe our experience, how we developed the robotic assisted Kidney transplantation (RAKT) technique, and analyze our results. Material and Methods. This is a retrospective study of all RAKTs performed at our center between July 2015 and March 2020. We describe the donor selection, surgical technique, and analyze the surgical results and complications. A comparison between the first 20 cases and the following ones is performed. Results. During the aforementioned period, 82 living donor RAKTs were performed. The mean age was and 50 (61%) were male. Mean body mass index was and preemptive in 63.7% of cases. Right kidneys and multiple arteries were seen in 14.6% and 12.2%, respectively. Mean operative and rewarming time was and minutes, respectively. Five cases required conversion to open surgery because of abnormal kidney vascularization. Two patients required embolization for subcapsular and hypogastric artery bleeding without repercussion. Three kidneys were lost, two of them due to acute rejection and one because venous thrombosis. Late complications requiring surgery included one kidney artery stenosis, one ureteral stenosis, two lymphoceles, and three hernia repairs. We noticed a significant reduction in time between the first 20 cases and the following ones from to (). With a mean follow-up time of 1.8 years (SD 1.3), the mean creatinine was 1.52 (SD 0.7) and RAKT graft survival was 98%. Conclusions. The robotic approach is an attractive, minimally invasive method for kidney transplantation, yielding good results. Further studies are needed to consider it a standard approach.
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It is part of: BioMed Research International, 2020, vol. 2020, num. 8687907
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ISSN: 2314-6133
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)

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