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Title: Dating Iberian prehistoric rock art: methods, sampling, data, limits and interpretations
Author: Ochoa, Blanca
García-Diez, Marcos
Domingo, Inés
Martins, Andrea
Keywords: Art prehistòric
Península Ibèrica
Prehistoric art
Paleolithic period
Iberian Peninsula
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Rock art dating has been one of the major challenges since its discovery and recognition. The methods have evolved through the last century, beginning with the study of superpositions and style until to the application of numeric methods since the 1990s. The aim of this paper is to evaluate and publish an up-to-date database of all of the numerical dates currently available for Iberian prehistoric rock art sites. For this purpose, the manuscript reviews all the methods applied so far to Iberian rock art discussing the limits, the sampling involved, and the problems affecting the results. After that, we present and discuss the most relevant results related to each cultural graphic tradition (Palaeolithic, Levantine, Schematic and Megalithic rock art) assessing their value and limitations. Finally, we reflect on the future of rock art dating: unfortunately most of the motifs are not dateble in numeric terms, meaning we still have to combine traditional with numerical methods; but also, we need to keep working on the problems affecting these methods to be able to create a more reliable chronological framework of use to address other issues such as group mobility, cultural networks, and reutilisation of symbolic elements, to name a few.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Quaternary International, 2021, vol. 572, p. 88-105
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ISSN: 1040-6182
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història i Arqueologia)

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