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Title: Assessment of In Vitro Cefiderocol Susceptibility and Comparators against an Epidemiologically Diverse Collection of Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates.
Author: Delpierre, Clara Celia
Ramírez, Ángel
Muñoz, Laura
Longshaw, Christopher
Roca, Ignasi
Vila Estapé, Jordi
Keywords: Bacteris patògens
Pathogenic bacteria
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Cefiderocol is a catechol-substituted siderophore cephalosporin combining rapid penetration into the periplasmic space with increased stability against β-lactamases. This study provides additional data on the in vitro antimicrobial activity of cefiderocol and commercially available comparators against an epidemiologically diverse collection of Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested using pre-prepared frozen 96-well microtiter plates containing twofold serial dilutions of: cefepime, ceftazidime/avibactam, imipenem/relebactam, ampicillin/sulbactam, meropenem, meropenem/vaborbactam, ciprofloxacin, minocycline, tigecycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and colistin using the standard broth microdilution procedure in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth (CAMHB). For cefiderocol, iron-depleted CAMHB was used. A collection of 113 clinical strains of A. baumannii isolated from Argentina, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Morocco, Mozambique, Peru and Spain were included. The most active antimicrobial agents against our collection were colistin and cefiderocol, with 12.38% and 21.23% of non-susceptibility, respectively. A high proportion of multidrug-resistant (76.77%) and carbapenemresistant (75.28%) A. baumannii isolates remained susceptible to cefiderocol, which was clearly superior to novel β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations. Cefiderocol-resistance was higher among carbapenem-resistant isolates and isolates belonging to ST2, but could not be associated with any particular resistance mechanism or clonal lineage. Our data suggest that cefiderocol is a good alternative to treat infections caused by MDR A. baumanni, including carbapenem-resistant strains.
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It is part of: Antibiotics, 2022, vol. 11, num. 2, p. 1-13
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ISSN: 2079-6382
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)

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