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Title: BDNF Val66Met gene polymorphism modulates brain activity following rTMS-induced memory impairment
Author: Abellaneda Pérez, Kilian
Martin Trias, Pablo
Cassé Perrot, Catherine
Vaqué Alcázar, Lídia
Lanteaume, Laura
Solana Díaz, Elisabeth
Babiloni, Claudio
Lizio, Roberta
Junqué i Plaja, Carme
Bargalló Alabart, Núria
Rossini, Paolo Maria
Micallef, Joëlle
Truillet, Romain
Charles, Estelle
Jouve, Elisabeth
Bordet, Régis
Santamaria Cano, Joan
Rossi, Simone
Pascual Leone, Álvaro
Blin, Olivier
Richardson, Jill
Jovicich, Jorge
Bartrés Faz, David
Keywords: Trastorns de la memòria
Mapatge del cervell
Memory disorders
Brain mapping
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2022
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: The BDNF Val66Met gene polymorphism is a relevant factor explaining inter-individual diferences to TMS responses in studies of the motor system. However, whether this variant also contributes to TMS-induced memory efects, as well as their underlying brain mechanisms, remains unexplored. In this investigation, we applied rTMS during encoding of a visual memory task either over the left frontal cortex (LFC; experimental condition) or the cranial vertex (control condition). Subsequently, individuals underwent a recognition memory phase during a functional MRI acquisition. We included 43 young volunteers and classifed them as 19 Met allele carriers and 24 as Val/Val individuals. The results revealed that rTMS delivered over LFC compared to vertex stimulation resulted in reduced memory performance only amongst Val/Val allele carriers. This genetic group also exhibited greater fMRI brain activity during memory recognition, mainly over frontal regions, which was positively associated with cognitive performance. We concluded that BDNF Val66Met gene polymorphism, known to exert a signifcant efect on neuroplasticity, modulates the impact of rTMS both at the cognitive as well as at the associated brain networks expression levels. This data provides new insights on the brain mechanisms explaining cognitive inter-individual diferences to TMS, and may inform future, more individually-tailored rTMS interventions.
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It is part of: Scientific Reports, 2022, vol. 12, num. 1, p. 1-11
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ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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