Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/33807
Title: Nutritional regulation of glucose-6-phosphatase gene expression in liver of the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata)
Author: Caseras Surribas, Anna
Metón Teijeiro, Isidoro
Vives, C.
Egea Liria, Miriam
Fernández González, Felipe Javier
Vázquez Baanante, Ma. Isabel
Keywords: Enzimologia
Peixos
Regulació del metabolisme
Piscicultura
Orada
Expressió gènica
Glucocinasa
Nutrició animal
Enzymology
Fishes
Metabolic regulation
Pisciculture
Sparus aurata
Gene expression
Glucokinase
Animal nutrition
Issue Date: Dec-2002
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Abstract: To examine the role of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) in glucose homeostasis in the diabeteslike experimental model of carnivorous fish, we analysed postprandial variations and the effect of starvation, ration size and diet composition on the regulation of G6Pase expression at the enzyme activity and mRNA level in the liver of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata ). G6Pase expression increased in long-term starved or energy-restricted fish. In contrast to data reported for other fish species, short-term regulation of G6Pase expression was found in regularly fed S. aurata. G6Pase mRNA levels were lowest between 4 and 15 h after food intake, whereas minimal enzyme activity was observed 10-15 h postprandially. Alterations of plasma glucose levels affect G6Pase in mammals. However, the carbohydrate content of the diet did not affect hepatic expression of G6Pase in S. aurata, suggesting that a different molecular mechanism is involved in the control of G6Pase expression in fish. Although G6Pase was unaffected, highcarbohydrate low-protein diets increased glucokinase (GK) expression and thus allowed a metabolic adaptation favouring glycolysis over gluconeogenesis. Interestingly, only the nutritional conditions that promoted variations in the blood glucose levels resulted in changes in the hepatic expression of G6Pase. These findings indicate a concerted regulation of G6Pase and GK expression and suggest that the direction and rate of the glucose-glucose-6-phosphate substrate cycle flux is finely regulated in the liver of S. aurata, challenging the role attributed to deficient regulation of G6Pase or GK expression in the low ability of carnivorous fish to metabolize glucose.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN2002701
It is part of: British Journal of Nutrition, 2002, vol. 88, num. 6, p. 607-614
Related resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN2002701
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/33807
ISSN: 0007-1145
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)
Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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