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Title: Pattern of injury with a graded excitotoxic insult and ensuing chronic medial septal damage in the rat brain
Author: Rodríguez Allué, Manuel José
Prats Galino, Alberto
Malpesa, Y.
Andrés, N.
Pugliese, Marco
Batlle, Montserrat
Mahy Gehenne, Josette Nicole
Keywords: Lesions cerebrals
Malalties neurodegeneratives
Brain damage
Neurodegenerative diseases
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Abstract: Brain damage caused by an acute injury depends on the initial severity of the injury and the time elapsed after the injury. To determine whether these two variables activate common mechanisms, we compared the response of the rat medial septum to insult with a graded series of concentrations of a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) with the time-course effects of a low dose of AMPA. For this purpose we conducted a dose-response study at concentrations of AMPA between 0.27 and 10.8 nmol to measure atrophy of the septal area, losses of cholinergic and GABAergic neurons, astroglial and microglial reactions, and calcification. Cholinergic neurons, whose loss paralleled the degree of septal atrophy produced by AMPA, are more sensitive than GABAergic neurons to the injury produced by AMPA. At doses of AMPA above 2.7 nmol, calcification and the degree of microglial reaction increased only in the GABAergic region of the septal area, whereas atrophy and neuronal loss reached a plateau. We chose the 2.7-nmol dose of AMPA to determine how these parameters were modified between 4 days and 6 months after injection. We found that atrophy and neuronal loss increased progressively through the 6-month study period, whereas astrogliosis ceased to be observed after 1 month, and calcium precipitates were never detected. We conclude that septal damage does not increase with the intensity of an excitotoxic insult. Rather, it progresses continuously after the insult. Because these two situations involve different mechanisms, short-term paradigms are inappropriate for interpreting the pathogenic mechanisms responsible for long-term neurodegenerative processes.
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It is part of: Journal of Neurotrauma, 2009, vol. 26, num. 10, p. 1835-1845
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ISSN: 0897-7151
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Fisiològiques)

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