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Title: Effects of inorganic nitrogen (NH4Cl) and biodegradable organic carbon (CH3COONa) additions on a pilot-scale seawater biofilter
Author: Simón, Francesc Xavier
Rudé i Payró, Elisabet
Berdalet i Andrés, Elisa
Llorens Llacuna, Joan
Baig, Sylvie
Keywords: Aigua de mar
Depuració de l'aigua
Ecologia marina
Water purification
Marine ecology
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Biofilters degrade only a small fraction of the natural organic matter (NOM) contained in seawater which is the leading cause of biofouling in downstream processes. This work studies the effects of chemical additions on NOM biodegradation by biofilters. In this work, biofiltration of seawater with an empty bed contact time (EBCT) of 6 min and a hydraulic loading rate of 10 m h-1 reduces the biological oxygen demand (BOD7) by 8%, the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by 6% and the UV absorbance at 254 nm (A254) by 7%. Different amounts of ammonium chloride are added to the seawater (up to twice the total dissolved nitrogen in untreated seawater) to study its possible effect on the removal of NOM by a pilot-scale biofilter. Seawater is amended with different amounts of easily biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) supplied as sodium acetate (up to twice the DOC) for the same purpose. The results of this work reveal that the ammonium chloride additions do not significantly affect NOM removal and the sodium acetate is completely consumed by the biofiltration process. For both types of chemical additions, the BOD7, DOC and A254 in the outlet stream of the biofilter are similar to the values for the untreated control. These results indicate that this biofilter easily removes the BDOC from the seawater when the EBCT is not above 6 min. Furthermore, nitrogen does not limit the NOM biodegradation in seawater under these experimental conditions.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Chemosphere, 2013, vol. 13, p. 1-21
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ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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