Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/34798
Title: Geoelectrical Characterization of Sulphate Rocks
Author: Guinea Maysounave, Ander
Director: Playà i Pous, Elisabet
Rivero Marginedas, Lluís
Keywords: Rocas de sulfatos
Tomografia eléctrica
Prospección geofísica
Issue Date: 27-Jan-2012
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [eng] Gypsum rocks are widely exploited in the world as industrial minerals. The purity of the gypsum rocks (percentage in gypsum mineral –CaSO4•2H2O- in the whole rock) is a critical factor to evaluate the potential exploitability of a gypsum deposit. It is considered than purities higher than 80% in gypsum are required to be economically profitable. Gypsum deposits have been studied with geoelectrical methods; a direct relationship between the electrical resistivity values of the gypsum rocks and its lithological composition has been established, with the presence of lutites being the main controlling factor in the geoelectrical response of the deposit. This phenomenon has been quantified by means of a combination of theoretical calculations, laboratory measurements and field data acquisition. A geoelectrical classification of gypsum rocks defining three types of gypsum rocks has been elaborated. Anhydrite (CaSO4) is frequently found in gypsum quarries and in no-outcropping sulphates. Because of its highest hardness than gypsum it supposes a problem for the extraction of gypsum; the fronts of the quarries in which anhydrite is found are stopped at the moment when it appears. The electrical properties of calcium sulphates have been studied by means of geoelectrical methods. The conductivity of crystals has been tested in laboratory. A direct relationship between the electrical conductivity values of the calcium sulphate rocks and its lithological composition has been established being the lutitic matrix the main controlling factor when it is percolant (connected at long range). When the rock is matrix dominant, the electrical resistivity trend is bond to the Hashin-Shtrikman lower bound for multiphase systems. On the other hand, when the rock is calcium sulphate dominant the trend shows the one of the Hashin-Shtrikman upper bound. A geoelectrical classification for calcium sulphate rocks has been elaborated. With this classification it is possible to differentiate between calcium sulphate rocks with different composition according to their electrical resistivity value. Glauberite (Na2Ca(SO4)2) is nowadays exploited as industrial mineral. Glauberite rocks usually have high lutite content in their composition, together with other evaporictic minerals as gypsum, anhydrite or halite among others. There is no reference to the conductivity of glauberite rocks in the bibliography, but due to their impurity it is expected to observe values as the observed for other sulphates in the matrix domain (less than 55% in purity). Two areas of the Ebro river basin (the Zaragoza and La Rioja sectors) have been studied by means of electrical resistivity tomography profiles, in which glauberite has been found in boreholes. As example of application for the study of sulphate deposits, an electrical resistivity tomography survey has been carried out in the Pira Gypsum member (SE of Catalan margin of the Tertiary Ebro Basin, Spain). Additionally, a continuous coring drill was performed in order to support the study. Electrical imaging has been successfully applied to identify the gypsum deposits interlayered in lutite units. Another resistivity survey has been carried out in an active gypsum quarry in the Gelsa Gypsum unit (Zaragoza, N Spain). During the extraction of the rock, the most important parameters to know are the purity changes in the deposit. Sudden changes in the purity make the processing of the raw material less profitable. The performed profiles have shown different gypsum layers from which the purest layers have been identified. Electrical resistivity tomography lines are useful in prospection of gypsum deposits. However, electrical imaging prospection should be supported by an accurate petrological study of the deposits, in order to properly interpret the resistivity profiles.
[cat] Com a tècnica alternativa o complementària a la realització de sondejos, es proposen les tècniques geoelèctriques per a l'estudi de dipòsits de sulfats. En els estudis previs duts a terme que trobem en la bibliografia, les diferents roques sulfatades tenen assignats amplis rangs de resistivitat elèctrica i la seva classificació està pobrament desenvolupada. L'objectiu d'aquesta Tesi Doctoral és definir les propietats elèctriques de les roques sulfatades assignant-los rangs de valor de resistivitat elèctrica precisos i posant en relació la seva variació amb els canvis composicionals. A tal fi s'han dut a terme estudis a diferents escales. Addicionalment s'han dut a terme assajos de laboratori així com modelitzacions computacionals i càlculs teòrics amb els quals s'han comparat els resultats obtinguts en el camp. S'ha quantificat la relació entre la conductivitat elèctrica d'aquests materials amb la seva composició. Per a això, s'han dut a terme mesures en pastilles sintètiques amb diferents composicions i s'han elaborat models composicionals. S'han estudiat diferents formacions de sulfats amb composicions dispars mitjançant perfils de tomografia elèctrica. Gràcies a la comparació de resultats s'ha establert que la connectivitat entre les partícules de la matriu juga un paper clau. S'han analitzat les estructures que solen trobar-se en els dipòsits de sulfats mitjançant models teòrics i s'han comparat amb els perfils realitzats en el camp. Com a exemples d'aplicació, s'ha estudiat un dipòsit de guix en les rodalies de la localitat de Pira (Tarragona), on gràcies a la tomografia elèctrica ha estat possible diferenciar diferents nivells de guix i identificar el guix potencialment explotable amb finalitats industrials. En una pedrera a Gelsa (Saragossa) s'ha aplicat amb èxit la tècnica de la tomografia elèctrica per identificar nivells de guix de major puresa que estan sent actualment explotats en el front de pedrera i s'ha estudiat una zona en la qual la pedrera continuarà la seva explotació en el futur. En línies generals s'ha establert una base de dades sobre la conductivitat elèctrica de les roques de sulfats i s'ha demostrat la utilitat dels mètodes geoelèctrics en la seva exploració.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/34798
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Geoquímica, Petrologia i Prospecció Geològica

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
12.AGM_12de12.pdf2.24 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11.AGM_11de12.pdf3 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10.AGM_10de12.pdf726.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09.AGM_9de12.pdf215.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08.AGM_8de12.pdf439.64 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07.AGM_7de12.pdf2.32 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
06.AGM_6de12.pdf2.3 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
05.AGM_5de12.pdf5.11 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
04.AGM_4de12.pdf5.1 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
03.AGM_3de12.pdf185.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02.AGM_2de12.pdf250.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
01.AGM_1de12.pdf153.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.