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Title: Estudio de las vías de señalización intracelular asociadas a las proteínas inhibitorias de la mielina
Author: Seira Oriach, Oscar
Director: Río Fernández, José Antonio del
Keywords: Inhibición axonal
Inhibició axonal
Regeneració del sistema nerviós
Regeneración del sistema nervioso
Nervous system regeneration
Myelin sheath
Plasticitat sinàptica
Plasticidad sináptica
Issue Date: 10-Jul-2012
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [eng] Lesioned axons do not regenerate in the adult mammalian central nervous system, owing to the overexpression of inhibitory molecules such as myelin-derived proteins or chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans. In order to overcome axon inhibition, strategies based on extrinsic and intrinsic treatments have been developed. For myelin-associated inhibition, blockage with NEP1-40, receptor bodies or IN-1 antibodies has been used. In addition, endogenous blockage of cell signalling mechanisms induced by myelin-associated proteins is a potential tool for overcoming axon inhibitory signals. We examined the participation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3beta) and ERK1/2 in axon regeneration failure in lesioned cortical neurons. We also investigated whether pharmacological blockage of GSK3beta and ERK1/2 activities facilitates regeneration after myelin-directed inhibition in two models: i) cerebellar granule cells and ii) lesioned entorhino-hippocampal pathway in slice cultures, and whether the regenerative effects are mediated by Nogo Receptor 1 (NgR1). We demonstrate that, in contrast to ERK1/2 inhibition, the pharmacological treatment of GSK3beta inhibition strongly facilitated regrowth of cerebellar granule neurons over myelin independently of NgR1. Lastly these regenerative effects were corroborated in the lesioned EHP in NgR1 -/- mutant mice. These results provide new findings for the development of new assays and strategies to enhance axon regeneration in injured cortical connections. On the other hand, and focused in the OMgp, by using recording electrophysiological nano-devices we found that, OMgp has a role in synaptic transmission, since it can induce excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in cultured hippocampal neurons.
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Biologia Cel·lular

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