Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/41806
Title: Momentum measurements of single-beam traps and quantitative holographic experiments: two sides of the same coin
Author: Farré Flaquer, Arnau
Director: Montes Usategui, Mario
Martín Badosa, Estela
Keywords: Òptica
Óptica
Optics
Làsers
Láseres
Lasers
Pinces òptiques
Pinzas ópticas
Optical tweezers
Microscòpia
Microscopía
Microscopy
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2012
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: After an intense development of optical tweezers as a biophysical tool during the last decades, quantitative experiments in living cells have not found in this technique its best ally, due, in part, to the lack of a reliable method to measure forces in complex environments. The attempts to overcome this problem either require complicated in situ calibrations, which make their use impossible in the study of dynamic processes, or they are inaccurate. Using a different approach, Steven Smith at Carlos Bustamante’s lab at the University of Berkeley developed a method based on the direct measurement of the momentum change of the trapping beam. However, its diffusion has been modest mainly because it requires a counter-propagating optical trapping system, which is difficult to implement and combine with other techniques. Although it has not been used for this purpose yet, it seems a more suitable method for in vivo experiments since the measurement depends only on some properties of the sensor apparatus but not on the experiment itself. On the other hand, the use of holographic optical tweezers in molecular biology experiments involving force and position measurements is still far from established. The existence of different effects associated to the use of spatial light modulators to create the optical traps has restricted their use. In this thesis, I present the work that I carried out in the Optical Trapping Lab – Grup de Biofotònica at the University of Barcelona related to these two subjects. During these years, I have focused on the implementation of the force detection method based on the conservation of the light momentum in single-beam optical traps, and on the analysis of several aspects of holographic tweezers oriented to their use in quantitative experiments.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/41806
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Física Aplicada i Òptica

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