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Title: Striatal pre- and postsynaptic profile of adenosine A2A receptor antagonists
Author: Orru, Marco
Bakešová, Jana
Brugarolas Campillos, Marc
Quiroz, César
Beaumont, Vahri
Goldberg, Steven R.
Lluís i Biset, Carme
Cortés Tejedor, Antonio
Franco Fernández, Rafael
Casadó, Vicent
Canela Campos, Enric I.
Ferré, Sergi
Keywords: Receptors adrenèrgics
Corea de Huntington
Receptors de neurotransmissors
Adrenaline receptors
Huntington's chorea
Neurotransmitter receptors
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Striatal adenosine A2A receptors (A2ARs) are highly expressed in medium spiny neurons (MSNs) of the indirect efferent pathway, where they heteromerize with dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs). A2ARs are also localized presynaptically in cortico-striatal glutamatergic terminals contacting MSNs of the direct efferent pathway, where they heteromerize with adenosine A1 receptors (A1Rs). It has been hypothesized that postsynaptic A2AR antagonists should be useful in Parkinson's disease, while presynaptic A2AR antagonists could be beneficial in dyskinetic disorders, such as Huntington's disease, obsessive-compulsive disorders and drug addiction. The aim or this work was to determine whether selective A2AR antagonists may be subdivided according to a preferential pre- versus postsynaptic mechanism of action. The potency at blocking the motor output and striatal glutamate release induced by cortical electrical stimulation and the potency at inducing locomotor activation were used as in vivo measures of pre- and postsynaptic activities, respectively. SCH-442416 and KW-6002 showed a significant preferential pre- and postsynaptic profile, respectively, while the other tested compounds (MSX-2, SCH-420814, ZM-241385 and SCH-58261) showed no clear preference. Radioligand-binding experiments were performed in cells expressing A2AR-D2R and A1R-A2AR heteromers to determine possible differences in the affinity of these compounds for different A2AR heteromers. Heteromerization played a key role in the presynaptic profile of SCH-442416, since it bound with much less affinity to A2AR when co-expressed with D2R than with A1R. KW-6002 showed the best relative affinity for A2AR co-expressed with D2R than co-expressed with A1R, which can at least partially explain the postsynaptic profile of this compound. Also, the in vitro pharmacological profile of MSX-2, SCH-420814, ZM-241385 and SCH-58261 was is in accordance with their mixed pre- and postsynaptic profile. On the basis of their preferential pre- versus postsynaptic actions, SCH-442416 and KW-6002 may be used as lead compounds to obtain more effective antidyskinetic and antiparkinsonian compounds, respectively.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2011, vol. 6, num. 1, p. e16088-e16088
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)

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