Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/42252
Title: Expresión de genes citoprotectores y de regeneración celular tras el síndrome de isquemia-reperfusión en un modelo experimental de trasplante renal con donantes a corazón latiente y parado
Author: Lario García, Sergio
Director: Campistol Plana, Josep M.
Cases Amenós, A. (Aleix)
Keywords: Gens citoprotectors
Isquèmia calent
Trasplantaments
Donació d'òrgans
Issue Date: 17-Dec-2007
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [spa] Se planteó la siguiente hipótesis de trabajo: la isquemia caliente que sufren los donantes a corazón parado altera negativamente la expresión de ciertos genes citoprotectores y de regeneración tisular. Con los siguientes objetivos: Determinar la expresión de genes citoprotectores durante el trasplante renal y a los cinco días postrasplante. Establecer el efecto de diferentes tiempos de isquemia caliente y del tratamiento inmunosupresor sobre la expresión estos genes.El modelo experimental de trasplante renal incluye cuarenta pares de cerdos en dos grupos de donantes a corazón parado y latiente. El período de isquemia fría es el mismo para todos los grupos, mientras que la isquemia caliente se divide en tres grupos: 30, 45 y 90 minutos. La terapia inmunosupresora consiste en ciclosporina, excepto en un grupo de donantes a corazón latiente que fue tratado con azatioprina. Los perfiles de expresión de TGF-beta 1, TSP-1, HIF-1, NOS2, NOS3, HO-1, y 18s rRNA se determinaron por PCR cuantitativa en las biopsias corticales recogidas tras la inducción anestésica, tras la isquemia caliente, tras la reperfusión en el receptor y al quinto día posterior al trasplante.Globalmente los resultados de la presente tesis muestran que tiempos cortos de isquemia caliente afectan a la expresión génica de factores implicados en la supervivencia celular, así como de factores parcialmente responsables de la regeneración tisular. Este estudio ayuda a explicar la mayor frecuencia de retraso de función del injerto que se observa en los pacientes con órganos de donantes a corazón parado. FUENTES:1. Expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 and hypoxia-inducible factor-1beta in an experimental model of kidney trasplantation. Lario S, Mendes D, Bescós M, Iñigo P, Campos B, Alvarez R, Alcaraz A, Rivera-Fillat F, Campistol JM. Transplantation 2003; 75: 1647-1654.2. Thrombospondin-1 mRNA expression in experimental kidney transplantation with heart- and non-heart beating donors. Lario S, Bescós M, Campos B, Mur C, Luque P, Alvarez R, Campistol JM. J Nephrol 2007; 20: 588-595.
[eng] "Expression of cytoprotective genes during experimental kidney transplantation with heart- and non-heart beating donors."TEXT:Background: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a risk factor for delayed graft function, a clinical syndrome more frequently observed in non-heart beating donors (NHBD). Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) activates transcription of several genes implicated in cell survival, such vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and tissue repair, such transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) isoforms. TGF-beta 1 has a central role in the restoration of renal function after ischemia-reperfussion. The aim of the present study was to characterize TGF-beta 1 and HIF-1 beta related genes during renal transplantation with heart (HBD) and non-heart beating donors (NHBD).Methods: The experimental pig model of kidney transplantation comprised heart beating donors (HBD, n=9) and NHBD (n=22). Cortical biopsies were collected after anesthetic induction (basal), after warm ischemia (WI), after cold ischemia (CI), after 1 hour of reperfusion (1R) and five days (5D) after transplantation. Immunosupressive therapy consisted of cyclosporine, except one HBD group treated with azathioprine. Thrombospondin-1, TGF-1 and HIF-1beta controlled genes (VEGF, HO-1, NOS-2, NOS-3) mRNA expression was determined by real-time PCR. Results: TGF-beta 1 expression increased after the cold ischemia period in HBD and remained unaltered during surgical process in all NHBD groups. HIF-1 beta and VEGF expression were not greatly modified in biopsies obtained during surgery in neither HBD nor NHBD groups. All groups showed a significantly increase in TGF-beta 1 and HIF-1beta expression and a down-regulation of VEGF five days after transplantation, independently of the immunosupressive treatment. There were no statistically differences among the groups at five days, although the increase of TGF-beta 1 was more pronounced in HBD groups, especially in those animals treated with azathioprine. TSP-1 mRNA was significantly increased at 5D in NHBD animals but was unchanged in the HBD group. HO-1 was upregulated in HBD (p<0.05) and NOS2 mRNA was significantly increased in both groups. No difference in NOS3 expression was observed at 5D.Conclusions: The initial up-regulation of TGF-beta 1 observed in HBD just after cold ischemia could have a positive action on epithelial tubular regeneration. Warm ischemia has a detrimental effect on TGF-beta 1 expression during the early phases of renal transplantation, having no effect on VEGF and HIF-1 expression. The up-regulation of TGF-1 and HIF-1 observed in the days after transplantation could have a positive effect on tubular repair. TGF-1 expression was lower in animals treated with cyclosporine, probably related to cellular toxicity or arteriolar vasoconstriction, explaining in part the frequent and severe delayed graft function observed in non-heart beating renal transplantation. The increased TSP-1 expression in NHBD may indicate a compensatory response to the reported diminished TGF-beta1 expression. The augmented NOS2 and HO-1 expression in HBD could have a positive effect on the recovery of kidney function.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/42252
ISBN: 9788469290774
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Medicina

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