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dc.contributor.authorTorrella Guio, Joan Ramon-
dc.contributor.authorFouces, V.-
dc.contributor.authorPalomeque Rico, Jesús-
dc.contributor.authorViscor Carrasco, Ginés-
dc.description.abstractThis study analyzes the capillarity and fibre-type distribution of six locomotory muscles of gulls. The morphological basis and the oxygen supply characteristics of the skeletal muscle of a species with a marked pattern of gliding flight are established, thus contributing to a better understanding of the physiology of a kind of flight with low energetic requirements. The four wing muscles studied (scapulotriceps, pectoralis, scapulohumeralis, and extensor metacarpi) exhibited higher percentages of fast oxidative glycolytic fibres (>70%) and lower percentages of slow oxidative fibres (<16%) than the muscles involved in nonflight locomotion (gastrocnemius and iliotibialis). Capillary densities ranged from 816 to 1,233 capillaries mm(-2), having the highest value in the pectoralis. In this muscle, the fast oxidative glycolytic fibres had moderate staining for succinate dehydrogenase and relatively large fibre sizes, as deduced from the low fibre densities (589-665 fibres mm(-2)). All these findings are seen as an adaptive response for gliding, when the wing is held outstretched by isometric contractions. The leg muscles studied included a considerable population of slow oxidative fibres (>14% in many regions), which suggests that they are adapted to postural activities. Regional variations in the relative distributions of fibre types in muscle gastrocnemius may reflect different functional demands placed on this muscle during terrestrial and aquatic locomotion. The predominance of oxidative fibres and capillary densities under 1,000 capillaries mm(-2) in leg muscles is probably a consequence of an adaptation for slow swimming and maintenance of the posture on land rather than for other locomotory capabilities, such as endurance or sprint activities.-
dc.format.extent10 p.-
dc.publisherThe University of Chicago Press-
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofPhysiological Zoology, 1998, vol. 71, num. 4, p. 425-434-
dc.rights(c) The University of Chicago Press, 1998-
dc.subject.classificationFisiologia animal-
dc.subject.classificationAparell locomotor-
dc.subject.otherAnimal physiology-
dc.subject.otherMusculoskeletal system-
dc.titleCapillarity and fibre types in locomotory muscles of wild yellow-legged gulls (Larus cachinnans)-
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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