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Title: A new multidisciplinary home care telemedicine system to monitor stable chronic human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: a randomized study.
Author: León, Agathe
Cáceres, César
Fernández, Emma
Chausa, Paloma
Martin, Maite
Codina, Carles
Rousaud, Araceli
Blanch, Jordi
Mallolas Masferrer, Josep
Martínez Chamorro, Esteban José
Blanco, José L.
Laguno, Montserrat
Larrousse Morellón, Maria
Milinkovic, Ana
Zamora, Laura
Canal, Neus
Miró Meda, José M.
Gatell, José M.
Gómez, Enrique J.
García, Felipe
Keywords: Persones seropositives
Telecomunicació en medicina
Malalties cròniques
HIV-positive persons
Telecommunication in medicine
Chronic diseases
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2011
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: Antiretroviral therapy has changed the natural history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in developed countries, where it has become a chronic disease. This clinical scenario requires a new approach to simplify follow-up appointments and facilitate access to healthcare professionals. Methodology: We developed a new internet-based home care model covering the entire management of chronic HIV-infected patients. This was called Virtual Hospital. We report the results of a prospective randomised study performed over two years, comparing standard care received by HIV-infected patients with Virtual Hospital care. HIV-infected patients with access to a computer and broadband were randomised to be monitored either through Virtual Hospital (Arm I) or through standard care at the day hospital (Arm II). After one year of follow up, patients switched their care to the other arm. Virtual Hospital offered four main services: Virtual Consultations, Telepharmacy, Virtual Library and Virtual Community. A technical and clinical evaluation of Virtual Hospital was carried out. Findings: Of the 83 randomised patients, 42 were monitored during the first year through Virtual Hospital (Arm I) and 41 through standard care (Arm II). Baseline characteristics of patients were similar in the two arms. The level of technical satisfaction with the virtual system was high: 85% of patients considered that Virtual Hospital improved their access to clinical data and they felt comfortable with the videoconference system. Neither clinical parameters [level of CD4 + T lymphocytes, proportion of patients with an undetectable level of viral load (p = 0.21) and compliance levels 90% (p = 0.58)] nor the evaluation of quality of life or psychological questionnaires changed significantly between the two types of care. Conclusions: Virtual Hospital is a feasible and safe tool for the multidisciplinary home care of chronic HIV patients. Telemedicine should be considered as an appropriate support service for the management of chronic HIV infection.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2011, vol. 6, num. 1, p. e14515
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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