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|Title:||Identifying Specific Cues and Contexts Related to Smoking Craving for the Development of Effective Virtual Environments|
Ferrer, Marta (Ferrer García)
Gutiérrez Maldonado, José
Secades Villa, Roberto
Carballo, J. L.
|Keywords:||Hàbit de fumar|
Sistemes virtuals (Informàtica)
Virtual computer systems
|Publisher:||Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.|
|Abstract:||Craving is considered the main variable associated with relapse after smoking cessation. Cue Exposure Therapy (CET) consists of controlled and repeated exposure to drug-related cues with the aim of extinguishing craving responses. Some virtual reality (VR) environments, such as virtual bars or parties, have previously shown their efficacy as tools for eliciting smoking craving. However, in order to adapt this technology to smoking cessation interventions, there is a need for more diverse environments that enhance the probability of generalization of extinction in real life. The main objective of this study was to identify frequent situations that produce smoking craving, as well as detecting specific craving cues in those contexts. Participants were 154 smokers who responded to an ad hoc self-administered inventory for assessing craving level in 12 different situations. Results showed that having a drink in a bar/pub at night, after having lunch/dinner in a restaurant and having a coffee in a cafe or after lunch/dinner at home were reported as the most craving-inducing scenarios. Some differences were found with regard to participants' gender, age, and number of cigarettes smoked per day. Females, younger people, and heavier smokers reported higher levels of craving in most situations. In general, the most widely cited specific cues across the contexts were people smoking, having a coffee, being with friends, and having finished eating. These results are discussed with a view to their consideration in the design of valid and reliable VR environments that could be used in the treatment of nicotine addicts who wish to give up smoking.|
|Note:||Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2010.0012|
|It is part of:||Cyberpsychology Behavior And Social Networking, 2011, vol. 14, num. 3, p. 91-97|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)|
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