Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/44594
Title: Molecular physiology of a teleost oocyte aquaporin: evolution, regulation and role during oocyte hydration / Fisiología molecular de una acuaporina ovocitaria de teleósteos: Evolución, regulación y papel durante la hidratación del oocito
Author: Zapater Cardona, Cinta
Director: Cerdà Luque, Joan
Navarro Álvarez, Isabel
Keywords: Aquaporina
Aquaporin
Nuclear receptors (Biochemistry)
Ous de peix
Teleostis
Receptors nuclears (Bioquímica)
Fish eggs
Teleostei
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2013
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [spa] La hidratación de los oocitos de teleósteos marinos que producen huevos pelágicos es clave para la supervivencia de los embriones en el océano. Estudios previos han descu-bierto el papel de una acuaporina específica de teleósteos (Aqp1b) durante este proceso, pero se carece todavía de evidencias experimentales directas, así como información sobre la regulación molecular de la Aqp1ab. En la presente tesis, estudios iniciales con el fletan Atlántico (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) confirman que los parálogos aqp1aa y -1ab de teleósteos han surgido probablemente por duplicación génica en tándem, y han demostrado el papel esencial de la Aqp1ab durante la hidratación del oocito. Para investigar el control transcripcional del gen aqp1ab en los oocitos de la dorada (Sparus aurata) se ha aislado su región promotora, la cual contiene elementos cis-reguladores de unión al receptor nuclear de progestinas (Pgr), como la 17α,20β-dihidroxi-4-pregnen-3-ona (17,20β-P), y factores de transcripción Sox. Estudios de localización subcelular indican que el Pgr aparece en el citoplasma de las oogonias, así como en el núcleo de oocitos en crecimiento primario (pre-vitelogénicos) coincidiendo con la activación de la expresión de aqp1ab. En este estadio también se expresan cuatro isoformas diferentes del Pgr, dos de las cuales pueden inhibir la transcripción mediada por el Pgr de forma dominante negativa. Las oogonias también expresan sox3 y -8b, mientras que el sox9b aparece en el estadio de alveolo cortical, cuando se reduce la expresión de aqp1ab. Ex-perimentos de transactivación indican que el Pgr activa la transcripción de aqp1ab, con Sox3 y -8b actuando de forma sinérgica, mientras que el Sox9b reprime este mecanismo. El papel del Pgr se ha investigado sobre explantes ováricos pre-vitelogénicos incubados in vitro, lo cual ha demostrado que la 17,20β-P, producida en las células de la granulosa en respuesta a la hormona folículo estimulante, activa el promotor de aqp1ab en el oocito induciendo la síntesis de Aqp1ab. Los resultados de esta tesis revelan por primera vez una estricta regulación transcripcional del gen aqp1ab durante la oogénesis de teleósteos marinos, lo cual remarca la función fisiológica esencial de este canal de agua durante la formación de los huevos pelágicos
[eng] In marine teleosts that spawn pelagic eggs (pelagophils), the process of oocyte hydration that occurs during meiosis resumption is a key physiological process for the survival of the eggs in the ocean. Previous studies have discovered the role of a teleost-specific aquaporin water channel (Aqp1b) during fish oocyte hydration, but direct experimental evidence for the function of Aqp1b in oocytes is still lacking. In addition, the molecular regulation of the Aqp1b-mediated mechanism remains poorly understood. In this context, the main objectives of the present thesis were to investigate the evolutionary origin of aqp1ab in teleosts, to provide functional evidence of the role of Aqp1b during oocyte hydration, and to begin to dissect the molecular mechanisms involved in the transcriptional regulation of aqp1b in the oocyte of marine teleosts. By integrating the molecular phylogeny with synteny and structural analyses we show that the teleost aqp1aa and -1ab paralogs (previously annotated as aqp1a and -1b, respectively) arose by tandem duplication, and that the Aqp1ab C-terminus is the most rapidly evolving subdomain within the vertebrate aquaporin superfamily. The functional role of Aqp1ab was investigated in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus), a marine acanthomorph teleost that spawns one of the largest pelagic eggs known. Using immunological inhibition of Aqp1ab in halibut oocytes and artificial expression of the halibut paralog Aqp1aa, we demonstrate that Aqp1ab is required for full hydration of oocytes undergoing meiotic maturation. To investigate the aqp1ab transcriptional regulation in oocytes, we isolated the 5’-flanking region of the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) aqp1ab gene which contains regulatory cis-elements for the nuclear progestin receptor (Pgr) and SOX transcription factors. The Pgr, as well as sox3 and -8b transcripts, are co-expressed in seabream oo-gonia, whereas in primary growth oocytes, when aqp1ab mRNA and protein are synthesized, the Pgr is translocated into the nucleus. In contrast, sox9b is highly expressed in more advanced oocytes showing the depletion of aqp1ab transcripts. In the seabream, four different pgr transcript variants are expressed in primary growth ovaries which are generated by alternative pre-mRNA splicing. Seabream wild-type Pgr shows the highest transactivation response to progestins such as 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20β-P) and 17α,20β,21-trihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20β,21-P), whereas two of the N-terminally truncated Pgr isoforms regulate novel nuclear and cytosolic mechanisms of dominant-negative repression of Pgr-mediated transcription. Transactivation assays on the aqp1ab promoter demonstrated that aqp1ab transcription is dependent on wild-type Pgr, with Sox3 and -8b acting synergistically, while Sox9b acts as a repressor. Incubation of primary ovarian explants in vitro with 17,20β-P, followed by chromatin immunoprecipitation, confirmed that 17,20β-P-activated Pgr enhanced aqp1ab promoter activation. The production of 17,20β-P in seabream primary growth ovaries in vivo was consistent with the expression of P450c17-II (Cyp17a2) and 20β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (Cbr1), enzymes needed for progestins synthesis, in granulosa cells associated with primary growth oocytes, and with a high concentration of 17,20β-P. Incubation of primary ovarian explants with recombinant piscine follicle-stimulating hormone (rFsh) in vitro stimulated 17,20β-P synthesis, which was reduced in the presence of Cbr1 inhibitors. The rFsh-mediated production of 17,20β-P correlated with the up-regulation of cyp17a2 and cbr1 transcription, as well as of wild-type pgr mRNA and protein levels. Altogether, these data suggest that aqp1ab transcription in seabream primary growth oocytes is under Fsh regulation through the synthesis of progestins. The results of this thesis show that the Aqp1ab mediated mechanism for oocyte hy-dration is likely conserved in marine teleosts. In addition, the tight transcriptional reg-ulation of Aqp1ab during oogenesis highlights the essential physiological role of this water channel and opens new research avenues for understanding the molecular basis of egg formation in marine fish.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/44594
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Fisiologia i Immunologia

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